Difference between revisions of "NEH Summer Institute: Experience and Experiment in Early Modern Europe (seminar)"

 
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For more past programming from the [[Folger Institute]], please see the article [[Folger Institute scholarly programs archive]].
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Directed by [[Pamela O. Long|'''Pamela O. Long''']]''',''' senior research fellow at the Dibner institute at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and [[Pamela H. Smith|'''Pamela H. Smith,''']] Associate Professor in the Department of History at Pomona College, Claremont and Director of European Studies at Claremont Graduate University
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June 25 through August 3, 2001
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[[File:ART_Vol._f81_no.2.jpg|thumb|459x459px|left|[http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/l6w23h Source Call No. ART Vol. f81 no.2]: Lapis polaris, magnes [graphic] / Ioan. Stradanus inuent]]
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This [[NEH_Summer_Institute_for_college_and_university_faculty|NEH Summer Institute for College and University Faculty]] opened up a wide-ranging investigation of the different understandings and contexts of experience in the early modern period. Changing views of experience affected many areas, including the conceptualization of human psychology and the human soul; artisanal knowledge; alchemical and neo-Platonic approaches to the material world; views of the body both as a subject of anatomy and as a source of agency; the nature and role of the five senses; techniques of visual representation; and new experimental methodologies. The institute gathered a distinguished visiting faculty and sixteen college teachers from across the country-each with their own expertises and perspectives-to examine a number of practices in these areas, including painting, architecture, cartography, alchemy, medicine, mechanics, and literature. It investigated the increasing significance that technical knowledge came to have in social and economic configurations such as court culture, urban culture, and the marketplace. It paid particular attention to the habits of mind-the "material understanding"-of the craftsperson out of which was shaped a new empirical "method of philosophizing" and a new way of viewing nature.
  
This was a summer 2001 seminar lead by [[Pamela O. Long]] and [[Pamela H. Smith]] from 25 June to 3 August 2001.
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Some of the most basic assumptions about the nature of the world and our means of experiencing it changed fundamentally in the early modem period. This institute's study is shaped by the most crucial result: a transformation of natural philosophy grounded in Aristotelian common experience--or experience everyone would agree upon without need for investigation into an experimental philosophy based on a central role for instrumentation and specialized material techniques used in the validation of knowledge claims.
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[[File:157-_096q.jpg|thumb|496x496px|right|[http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/tkz21l Source Call No. 157- 096q]: A bloody Irish almanack]] 
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But because experience remains such a touchstone of knowledge in our modem world, we readily believe that it is a stable and transhistorical-indeed a universal-phenomena: an empathetic way back into the mindsets of the past. This institute seeks first to trouble those easy assumptions about the nature of experience and then to open up a wide ranging and carefully nuanced investigation of different strands and shifting understandings of experience in the early modem period. These understandings include a new orientation towards experimentalism in the seventeenth century. The institute will gather historians of science, cultural historians, art historians, philosophers, anthropologists, sociologists, literary critics, and historians of technology for this work. It will draw upon and consolidate some of the exciting research that is currently being done in each of these disciplines (by our contributors among others). With cross-, inter-, and counter-disciplinary conversations, it will undertake a comparative investigation of key issues and texts that inform our understandings of the transformations of experience and the uses of experimentation in diverse fields. It will analyze at what points and in what ways experiment comes to function as proof in a wide variety of local circumstances. As a result, it will help reshape a common body of knowledge about the radical change in the nature of experience in the early modern period, a change that traditionally has been signaled by the term"scientific revolution."
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<u><br>'''Materials and Products'''</u>
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The syllabus is available [[Media:Syllabus.pdf|here]].
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While the website is no longer supported, it has been archived: [https://web.archive.org/web/20100528013253/http://www.folger.edu/html/folger_institute/experience/experiment_intro.htm Institute Website: Experience and Experiment in Early Modern Europe]
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A PDF of the[[Media:NEHSI2001Website.pdf| website's pages]] with the participants' interpretive essays.
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A PDF of the original [[Media:2001NEHSI.pdf|promotional flyer]].
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[[File:B3998.jpg|thumb|547x547px|left|[http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/osdtic Source Call No. B3998]: New experiments physico-mechanicall, touching the spring of the air …]
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'''<u>Participants</u>'''
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(All affiliations are as of the program's date)
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'''Antonio Barrera,''' Assistant Professor of History at Colgate University
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'''Eric A. G. Binnie,''' Associate Professor of Theatre Arts at Hendrix College
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'''Galen Brokaw,''' Assistant Professor of Modern Languages and Literatures at the University at Buffalo, State University of New York
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'''Regina Buccola,''' Assistant Professor of English Literature at Roosevelt University
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'''Colin Dickson,''' Professor of French at Washington College
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'''Donald Grabner,''' OSB, Teacher of Theology at Conception Seminary College
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'''Jeremiah Hackett''', Professor of Philosophy at the University of South Carolina
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'''Michael Harrawood''', Assistant Professor of English at Florida Atlantic College
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'''Helen Hattab,''' Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Southern Illinois University
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'''Martha Hoffman-Strock''', Assistant Professor of History at Texas Christian University
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'''Bruce Janecek''', Assistant Professor of History at North Central College
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'''Harry Kitsikopoulos,''' Assistant Professor of Economics at New York University
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'''Eric Leonidas''', Assistant Professor of English at Central Connecticut State University
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'''Pamela Lieske''', Assistant Professor of English at Kent State University, Trumbull
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'''James W. McManus, '''Professor of Art History at California State University, Chico
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'''Steven A. Walton,''' Assistant Professor of the History of Science at Michigan Technological University
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'''<u>Faculty</u>'''
  
The institute opened up a wide-ranging investigation of the different understandings and contexts of experience in the early modern period. Changing views of experience affected many areas, including the conceptualization of human psychology and the human soul; artisanal knowledge; alchemical and neo-Platonic approaches to the material world; views of the body both as a subject of anatomy and as a source of agency; the nature and role of the five senses; techniques of visual representation; and new experimental methodologies. The institute gathered a distinguished visiting faculty and sixteen college teachers from across the country-each with their own expertises and perspectives-to examine a number of practices in these areas, including painting, architecture, cartography, alchemy, medicine, mechanics, and literature. It investigated the increasing significance that technical knowledge came to have in social and economic configurations such as court culture, urban culture, and the marketplace. It paid particular attention to the habits of mind-the "material understanding"-of the craftsperson out of which was shaped a new empirical "method of philosophizing" and a new way of viewing nature.
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(All affiliations are as of the program's date)
  
[http://www.folger.edu/html/folger_institute/experience/experiment_intro.htm Institute Website]
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'''J.A. Bennett''', Director of the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford University
  
'''Directors:''' [[Pamela O. Long]] is an independent scholar who in 2000-2001 was a senior fellow at the Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at MIT. Her recent publications include ''Technology, Culture, and Society in Late Medieval and Renaissance Europe, 1300-1600'' (Washington: American Historical Association, 2001) and ''Openness, Secrecy, Authorship: Technical Arts and the Culture of Knowledge from Antiquity to the Renaissance'' (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001), which won the Morris D. Forkosch Prize, awarded by the Journal of the History of Ideas for the best book in intellectual history published in 2001. 
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'''Peter Dear,''' Professor of History, Cornell University
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[[File:STC_11883_copy_1.jpg|thumb|727x727px|right|[http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/g3cy17 Source Call No. STC 11883 copy 1]: William Gilbert. Guilielmi Gilberti Colcestrensis…]]
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'''Paula Findlen''', Professor of History, Stanford University
  
[[Pamela H. Smith]] is the Seth Low Professor of History at Columbia University and the author of books on alchemy, artisans, and the making of knowledge. Recent ones include ''The Body of the Artisan: Art and Experience in the Scientific Revolution'' (2004) and ''Ways of Making and Knowing: The Material Culture of Empirical Knowledge'' (with Amy R. W. Meyers and Harold C. Cook, 2014). Her present research reconstructs the vernacular knowledge of early modern European miners and metalworkers.
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'''Mary Fissell,''' Professor of the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology, Johns Hopkins University
  
'''Experience and Experiment in Early Modern Europe'''
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'''Beth Holman''', Associate Professor at the Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture
  
Some of the most basic assumptions about the nature of the world and our means of experiencing it changed fundamentally in the early modem period. This institute's study is shaped by the most crucial result: a transformation of natural philosophy grounded in Aristotelian common experience--or experience everyone would agree upon without need for investigation into an experimental philosophy based on a central role for instrumentation and specialized material techniques used in the validation of knowledge claims.
+
'''Adrian Johns,''' Associate Professor of the History of Science, University of Chicago
  
But because experience remains such a touchstone of knowledge in our modem world, we readily believe that it is a stable and transhistorical-indeed a universal-phenomena: an empathetic way back into the mindsets of the past. This institute seeks first to trouble those easy assumptions about the nature of experience and then to open up a wide ranging and carefully nuanced investigation of different strands and shifting understandings of experience in the early modem period. These understandings include a new orientation towards experimentalism in the seventeenth century. The institute will gather historians of science, cultural historians, art historians, philosophers, anthropologists, sociologists, literary critics, and historians of technology for this work. It will draw upon and consolidate some of the exciting research that is currently being done in each of these disciplines (by our contributors among others). With cross-, inter-, and counter-disciplinary conversations, it will undertake a comparative investigation of key issues and texts that inform our understandings of the transformations of experience and the uses of experimentation in diverse fields. It will analyze at what points and in what ways experiment comes to function as proof in a wide variety of local circumstances. As a result, it will help reshape a common body of knowledge about the radical change in the nature of experience in the early modern period, a change that traditionally has been signaled by the term"scientific revolution."
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'''Chandra Mukerji,''' Professor of Communications, University of California, San Diego
  
'''Proposed Schedule and Faculty'''  
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'''Gail Kern Paster''', Professor of English, George Washington University
  
The principal focus of the institute's meetings will be on selected primary texts of the period, read in such a way as to highlight the multiple conversations and contexts into which they were written. Participants will be encouraged to raise issues of audience, transmission, translation, and the nature of evidence-the foundations of the symbolic actions texts perform in their social settings. Participants will be further encouraged to explore the collections in the mornings and to make those explorations the bases of their own presentations to the group.
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'''David Summers,''' Professor of Art, University of Virginia
  
The institute will meet Monday through Thursday afternoons (with the exception of the week of 4 July). The average week will feature discussion with directors, faculty, and participants taking the lead at various times. Participants will also work collaboratively to incorporate new technologies into their own teaching. On a weekly basis, they will explore a range of digital resources, discussing how to structure assignments and how to provide students with strategies to make the best use of such resources. They will compile and evaluate a cumulative list of web sites that offer texts and images of primary sources. They will also collectively assemble and annotate a set of images of primary sources that they have consulted at the Folger Library. Together with the institute's syllabus and bibliographies, these will be the components of a multifaceted web posting.
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'''John Sutton''', Professor of Philosophy, Macquarie University 
  
'''Week I (25-29 June)'''
 
  
'''The Textures of Experience'''
 
  
Visiting Faculty: John Sutton (Lecturer of Philosophy, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia)
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'''<u>Website Production</u>'''
  
'''Week 2 (2-6 July)'''
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'''Martha Fay,''' Designer
  
'''Vernacular Epistemologies'''
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'''Julie Ainsworth,''' Folger Shakespeare Library photographer
  
Visiting Faculty: Mary Fissell, Associate Professor of the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology at the Johns Hopkins University, and Gail Kern Paster, Professor of English at George Washington University
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'''Pamela O. Long''' and '''Pamela H. Smith''', Advisory Editors
  
'''Week 3 (9-13 July)'''
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'''Kathleen Lynch''', Editor
  
'''Mechanical Arts, Natural Philosophy, and Visual Representation'''
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'''Owen Williams''', Managing Editor
  
Visiting Faculty: David Summers, William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of the History of Art at the University of Virginia
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'''Lisa Meyers,''' Research Assistant
  
'''Week 4 (16-20 July)'''
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'''Brian Shetler,''' Editorial Assistant
  
'''Disciplining Experience'''
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'''Andrew Baird,''' Editorial Assistant
  
Visiting Faculty: Chandra Mukerji (Professor of Communications, Sociology, and Science Studies at the University of Califomia, San Diego) and Jim Bennett (Keeper of the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford)
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'''<u>Folger Institute Staff</u>'''
  
'''Week 5 (23-27 July)'''
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'''Barbara Mowat,''' Chair
  
'''Objects of Art/Objects of Nature'''
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'''Kathleen Lynch,''' Executive Director
  
Visiting Faculty: Paula Findlen (Director of the Science, Technology and Society Program, and Professor of History at Stanford University)
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'''Owen Williams,''' Program Administrator
  
'''Week 6 (30 July-3 August)'''
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'''Carol Brobeck,''' Program Coordinator
  
'''Experience and Experiment in the Scientific Revolution'''
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'''Lisa Meyers,''' Program Assistant
  
Visiting Faculty: Peter Dear (Professor of History and of Science & Technology Studies at Cornell University) and Adrian Johns (Professor of Sociology at the California institute of Technology)
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'''Brian Shetler,''' Intern
  
==== [[:File:2001NEHSI.pdf|Promotional Materials]] ====
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[[Category: Folger Institute]][[Category: Scholarly programs]][[Category:National Endowment for the Humanities]][[Category: Program archive]][[Category: Seminar]][[Category: 15th century]][[Category: 16th century]][[Category: 17th century]]
[[Category: Folger Institute]]
 
[[Category: Scholarly programs]]
 
[[Category: Program archive]]
 
[[Category: 2001-2002]]
 

Latest revision as of 15:33, 4 August 2017

Directed by Pamela O. Long, senior research fellow at the Dibner institute at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Pamela H. Smith, Associate Professor in the Department of History at Pomona College, Claremont and Director of European Studies at Claremont Graduate University

June 25 through August 3, 2001

Source Call No. ART Vol. f81 no.2: Lapis polaris, magnes [graphic] / Ioan. Stradanus inuent

This NEH Summer Institute for College and University Faculty opened up a wide-ranging investigation of the different understandings and contexts of experience in the early modern period. Changing views of experience affected many areas, including the conceptualization of human psychology and the human soul; artisanal knowledge; alchemical and neo-Platonic approaches to the material world; views of the body both as a subject of anatomy and as a source of agency; the nature and role of the five senses; techniques of visual representation; and new experimental methodologies. The institute gathered a distinguished visiting faculty and sixteen college teachers from across the country-each with their own expertises and perspectives-to examine a number of practices in these areas, including painting, architecture, cartography, alchemy, medicine, mechanics, and literature. It investigated the increasing significance that technical knowledge came to have in social and economic configurations such as court culture, urban culture, and the marketplace. It paid particular attention to the habits of mind-the "material understanding"-of the craftsperson out of which was shaped a new empirical "method of philosophizing" and a new way of viewing nature.

Some of the most basic assumptions about the nature of the world and our means of experiencing it changed fundamentally in the early modem period. This institute's study is shaped by the most crucial result: a transformation of natural philosophy grounded in Aristotelian common experience--or experience everyone would agree upon without need for investigation into an experimental philosophy based on a central role for instrumentation and specialized material techniques used in the validation of knowledge claims.

Source Call No. 157- 096q: A bloody Irish almanack

But because experience remains such a touchstone of knowledge in our modem world, we readily believe that it is a stable and transhistorical-indeed a universal-phenomena: an empathetic way back into the mindsets of the past. This institute seeks first to trouble those easy assumptions about the nature of experience and then to open up a wide ranging and carefully nuanced investigation of different strands and shifting understandings of experience in the early modem period. These understandings include a new orientation towards experimentalism in the seventeenth century. The institute will gather historians of science, cultural historians, art historians, philosophers, anthropologists, sociologists, literary critics, and historians of technology for this work. It will draw upon and consolidate some of the exciting research that is currently being done in each of these disciplines (by our contributors among others). With cross-, inter-, and counter-disciplinary conversations, it will undertake a comparative investigation of key issues and texts that inform our understandings of the transformations of experience and the uses of experimentation in diverse fields. It will analyze at what points and in what ways experiment comes to function as proof in a wide variety of local circumstances. As a result, it will help reshape a common body of knowledge about the radical change in the nature of experience in the early modern period, a change that traditionally has been signaled by the term"scientific revolution."



Materials and Products

The syllabus is available here.

While the website is no longer supported, it has been archived: Institute Website: Experience and Experiment in Early Modern Europe

A PDF of the website's pages with the participants' interpretive essays.

A PDF of the original promotional flyer.


Source Call No. B3998: New experiments physico-mechanicall, touching the spring of the air …

Participants

(All affiliations are as of the program's date)

Antonio Barrera, Assistant Professor of History at Colgate University

Eric A. G. Binnie, Associate Professor of Theatre Arts at Hendrix College

Galen Brokaw, Assistant Professor of Modern Languages and Literatures at the University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Regina Buccola, Assistant Professor of English Literature at Roosevelt University

Colin Dickson, Professor of French at Washington College

Donald Grabner, OSB, Teacher of Theology at Conception Seminary College

Jeremiah Hackett, Professor of Philosophy at the University of South Carolina

Michael Harrawood, Assistant Professor of English at Florida Atlantic College

Helen Hattab, Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Southern Illinois University

Martha Hoffman-Strock, Assistant Professor of History at Texas Christian University

Bruce Janecek, Assistant Professor of History at North Central College

Harry Kitsikopoulos, Assistant Professor of Economics at New York University

Eric Leonidas, Assistant Professor of English at Central Connecticut State University

Pamela Lieske, Assistant Professor of English at Kent State University, Trumbull

James W. McManus, Professor of Art History at California State University, Chico

Steven A. Walton, Assistant Professor of the History of Science at Michigan Technological University



Faculty

(All affiliations are as of the program's date)

J.A. Bennett, Director of the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford University

Peter Dear, Professor of History, Cornell University

Source Call No. STC 11883 copy 1: William Gilbert. Guilielmi Gilberti Colcestrensis…

Paula Findlen, Professor of History, Stanford University

Mary Fissell, Professor of the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology, Johns Hopkins University

Beth Holman, Associate Professor at the Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture

Adrian Johns, Associate Professor of the History of Science, University of Chicago

Chandra Mukerji, Professor of Communications, University of California, San Diego

Gail Kern Paster, Professor of English, George Washington University

David Summers, Professor of Art, University of Virginia

John Sutton, Professor of Philosophy, Macquarie University 


Website Production

Martha Fay, Designer

Julie Ainsworth, Folger Shakespeare Library photographer

Pamela O. Long and Pamela H. Smith, Advisory Editors

Kathleen Lynch, Editor

Owen Williams, Managing Editor

Lisa Meyers, Research Assistant

Brian Shetler, Editorial Assistant

Andrew Baird, Editorial Assistant

Folger Institute Staff

Barbara Mowat, Chair

Kathleen Lynch, Executive Director

Owen Williams, Program Administrator

Carol Brobeck, Program Coordinator

Lisa Meyers, Program Assistant

Brian Shetler, Intern