List of physicians and apothecaries cited by Andrew Slee and John Ward

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V.a.398 is a 1654 volume of medicinal recipes compiled by Andrew Slee, a Fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge, 1650-1656.

This list was compiled by Dr. Robert Tallaksen, a reader and transcriber at the Folger Shakespeare Library.

NB: Latinized names listed may be abbreviated, or appear in manuscripts in the genitive (-ae, -i, -onis), accusative (-am, -em, -um) or ablative cases (-a, -e, -o) In transcription, all surnames are expanded and transcribed in the nominative unless Slee writes them out in the genitive, accusative, or ablative; e.g., Nicolai, Galenum, Fallopio.

The names of scientists have been included even if their work was not primarily medical. In most cases, names which proved to be clergy have been omitted from this list unless the persons had some direct connection with John Ward (JW)

Persons named by Slee are indicated with a dagger (†) Persons named by Ward are indicated with an asterisk (*)

Identified physicians and apothecaries


Actuarius †
Iohannes Zacharius Actuarius (c. 1275 - c. 1328), Byzantine physician in Constantinople; actuarius was a title applied to various officials
Aetius †
Aetius of Amida (c. 502 - 575), Byzantine Greek physician
Agricola *
Georg Pawer or Bauer (1494 - 1555), German humanist scholar, mineralogist, and metallurgist, Latinized as Georgius Agricola (Bauer = "farmer"); studied medicine in Bologna
Aldovrandi *
Ulysse Aldovrandi (1522 - 1605), Italian naturalist, second director of botanical garden of the University of Bologna
Alphans. †
likely St. Alfanus I (d. 1085), physician, theologian, translator, and author; Archbishop of Salerno 1080 -85), on the faculty of the medical school at Salerno
Alston *
"Dr. in physick" at Christchurch Hospital, possibly Sir Edward Alston (1597 - 1669), president of the RCP, 1655- 66
Andro., Androm.
Andromachus; either the Elder or the Younger; both fl. 1st c. CE; Greek physicians; the elder's name is preserved in "theriaca Andromachi," an antidote of 64 ingredients including opium and viper's flesh
Aquapendente †
see Hieronymus Fabricius Aquapendente, below
Arcaeus, Arcei †
Francesco de Arce (1493 - 1573), Spanish physician and surgeon, Latinized as Arcaeus
Aristoteles *†
Aristotle (384 - 322 BCE), Greek philosopher and polymath
Athenaeus *
Athenaeus of Naucratis (fl. late 2d - early 3rd c. CE), Greek rhetorician and grammarian
Atwood *
Mr., an oculist in Worcestershire; possibly Thomas Atwood, who consulted on Samuel Johnson in 1711
Avicen., Avicenna *†
Ibn Sina, Abu Ali Sina, or Pur Sina (c. 980 - 1037), Persian physician and polymath; author of The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine
Azaravii, Azaravius †
Abu Al Qasim Al-Zahrawi (936 - 1013), Arab Andalusian physician, surgeon, and chemist, Latinized as Azaravius or Albucasis; "father of modern surgery"


Bacon *
Sir Francis Bacon, (1561 - 1626), English philosopher and statesman, father of empiricism
Barker *
possibly Sir Richard Barker (d. 1686), chemist and physician; founder member of the Society of Chemical Physicians; author of The Excellency and Usefulnesse of the True Spirit of Salt, 1663, and Sudorificum Regale, 1676; Israel Tonge (of the Popish Plot) lodged with him and Barker was instrumental in bringing Tonge and Titus Oates into communication
Bartholine *
Danish physicians; possibilities include Caspar Bartholin the Elder (1585 - 1629); Caspar Bartholin the Younger (1655 - 1738) - Bartholin's gland is so called after him; Rasmus Bartholin (1625 - 1698); but most likely Thomas Bartholin (1616 - 1680), who first described the lymphatic system in humans
Bartholomeus Perdulcis †
Barthélemy Pardoux (1545 - 1611), French physician, Latinized as Bartholomeus Perdulcis; author of Universa medicina (another book with the same title was written by Fernel)
Pietro Bairo of Turin, Latinized as Petrus Bayrus (1468 - 1518)
Jean Beguin (1550 - 1620)
Cassius; probably Cassius Felix (fl. 5th. c. CE); or possibly Cassius Iastorophista (fl. 2nd or 3rd c. CE)
Dr. Collins
(probably) Samuel Collins (1617 - 1685)
likely Fabio Colonna (1567 - 1640); but identification uncertain, p. 46 c. 1, p. 47 c. 1
Cord., Cord9, Cordus
Valerius Cordus (1515 - 44); possibly also in error as "Crodus," p. 29 c. 2 and p. 41 c. 2
Oswald Croll, Latinized as Crollius (c. 1563 - 1609)
Damocrates, Damocratis
Servilius Damocrates (mid- to late 1st c. CE)
Eudemus of Rhodes (c. 370 BCE - c. 300 BCE)
Fallop., Fallopius
Gabriele Falloppio, Latinized as Gabrielis Falloppius (1523 - 1562)
Favent., Faventini
Benedictus Victorius Faventinus (b. 1481)
Fern., Fernel., Fernelius, Fernelianus
Jean François Fernel, Latinized as Ioannes Fernelius (1497 - 1558)
Thomas Fienus (1567 - 1631)
Anuce Foës, Latinized as Anutius Foësius (1528 - 1595)
Fons., Fonsec., Roderici Fonsecae
Juan Rodriguez de Fonseca (1451 - 1524)
Pieter van Foreest, Latinized as Petrus Forestus (1521 - 1597)
Girolamo Fracastori, Latinized as Fracastorius (1483 - 1553)
see Fallopius, above
Galen., Galeni., Galeno, Galenum, Galenus
Aelius or Claudius Galenus (of Pergamon) (129 - c. 200); one instance of "Gallenus"
Gesnerus (or Gesnerus maius, "the greater")
Conrad Gessner (1516 - 1565)
uncertain but possibly Johannes Gheselius (1613 - 1650)
Gilberti Angli
Gilbertus Anglicus (c. 1180 - c. 1250)
Gordonii, Gordonio, Gordonius
Bernard de Gordon (1285 - 1318)
'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi, or Masoudi; Latinized as Haly Abbas (930 - 994)
Hieronymus Fabricius Aquapendente
Girolamo Fabrizio, Latinized as Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente (1537 - 1619); Acquapendente is a small town in the province of Viterbo
Jacques Houiller, Latinized as Iacobus Hollerius Stampani (i.e., from Étampes), (c. 1498 - 1562)
Hurn., Hurnius
Johan van Heurne, Latinized as Johannes Heurnius (1543 - 1601)
uncertain; either Johann Lange (1485 - 1565) or Johann Christian Lange (1619 - 1662)
Leplignius, Lepleignius
Thibault Lespleigney (1496 - 1550); misspelled as "Lepleingius," p. 75 c. 2
Dr. Lower
possibly Richard Lower (1631 - 1691); while the dates don't match up, he is only mentioned at the beginning of the book on f. 2r, and in a different hand
Iacobi de Manlis
Giovanni Giacomo (da) Manlio or de Bosco, Latinized as Ioannes Iacobus de Manliis (fl. late 15th - mid 16th c.)
Mathei de Gradi
Giovanni Matteo Ferrari de Gradi (? - 1472)
Matthioli, Matthiolum, Matthiolus
Pietro Andrea Mattioli (1501 - 77)
Girolamo Mercuriali (1530 - 1606)
Mes., Mesue (one instance of "Messue")
Yuhanna Ibn Masawaiyh (c. 777 - 857)
Dr. Meverell, Meverill
Othowell Meverall (1585 - 1648)
Bartolomeo da Montagnana (fl. 1422 - 1460)
Giovanni Battista Monte, Latinized as Montanus (1497 - 1557)
Antonius Musa, physician to Augustus (fl. 23 CE)
Nicol., Nicolai
Nicola Deoprepio, a.k.a. Niccolo da Reggio (1280 - ?)
Pierre le Palmier, Latinized as Petrus Palmarius (1568 - 1610)
an electuary, possibly referring to Johann Philonius Dugo Tilianus (d. 1553) or Philo of Tarsus (fl. 1c)
Gaius Plinius Secundus or Pliny the Elder (c. 23/24 - 79 CE)
Primiros., Primirosius
James Primrose or Primerose (d. 1659)
Quaercitanus, Quercitani, Quercitanus
Joseph du Chesne, Latinized as Iosephus Quercetanus (c. 1544 - 1609)
Radulph. Holland.
Radulphus Holandicus (? - ?); appears only in "Pulv. Radulph. Holland." on p. 43 c. 2, and in J. Quincy, Pharmacopoia Officinalis & Extemporanea (1742) mentioning a "Pulvis Radulphi Holandicus from its first Contriver"
Dr. Reade
Alexander Read (1586? - 1641)
Renod., Renodaeus, Renodeus
Jean de Renou (1568 - c. 1620)
Rhacis, Rhasis
Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi, Latinized as Rhazes or Rasis (854 - 925)
Guillaume Rondelet (1507 - 1566)
Rufus of Ephesus (fl. late 1st - early 2nd c.); only as "pilulae Ruffi," Rufus' pills
Ruland., Rulandi, (Martinus) Rulandus
Martin Ruland; either the Elder (1532 - 1602) or the Younger (1569 - 1611)
Sala, Angelus
Angelo Sala (1576 - 1617)
Ercole Sassonia, Latinized as Hercules Saxonia (1551 - 1607)
Sennert. or Sinnert.
Daniel Sennert (1572 - 1637); also as Daniel Sinnert, or Latinized as Sinnertus
Siluius, Silvius
Francis Silvius (1416 - 72)
Trincavel, Trinchavel
Vettore Trincavella (1496 - 1568)
Valesco, Valescus, or Valescus de Tar(r)anta
Vasco, Velasco, or Valescus de Taranta (1382 - 1417)
Weck., Wecker, Weckerus (one instance of Vecker, p. 29)
Johannes Jacob Wecker (1528 - 1586)

Unidentified physicians and apothecaries

Alphons Ferrarius, p. 25 c. 2
possibly Alfonso Ferrarri (?) of Cremona; also "Ferrarius," ibid.
Dr Bar, p. 16 c. 3
Dr Baron, p. 19 c. 1
Dr. Betone, p. 19, c.2
Dr. Butcher Ipswicens (from Ipswich?), f. 1v
Dr. Collins, p. 48 c. 2
Euonimus, p. 77 c.2
Fienus, p. 18 c. 1
Gheselli, p. 60 c.2
Mo Goad, p. 48 c. 2
Dr. Goldsmith, p. 52 c. 1
Dr. Hale Chyrurgicus, p. 34 c. 2
Dr. Harvey, p. 87 c. 2
(possibly the William Harvey of De motu cordis fame (1578 - 1657))
Hast., Haust., p. 61 c. 1, p. 62 c. 1 & c. 3
Iohanni, p. 17 c. 1
Dr. Lister
(not the 19th c. pioneer of antisepsis), p. 19 c. 1
Dr. Lower, f. 2r
Radulph. Holland.
Radulphus Hollandicus (see above)
Dr. Reade, p. 33 c.2, p. 69 c. 1
(likely the same as Alexander Read, above)
Roberto, p. 19 c. 2
("experto crede Roberto," = "trust Robert the Expert")
Saxonius, pp. 27, 30, 68
(scattered occurrences; likely in error for Saxonia)
Dr. Stephani, p.24 c.1
Dr. Stookes, p. 48 c. 1
Vraliano, p. 15 c. 3
Dr Walletus, p. 68 c. 2

Referred to by initials only

D. L., p.29
"Syr. Casselanus D. L."
Dr. L. p. 44, c. 2
Sir R. L S., f. 1r
Dr. W., p. 22 c. 1
R. W.
"Syr: Pectoralis R. W.," p. 27 c 1.


Aug., August., Augustan., Augustana, Augustina
Pharmacopoeia Augustana; many editions, earliest 1573
from or related to the city of Kassel in Hesse