The Theatre in History: The Social Function of Renaissance Dramatic Genres
Directed by Jean E. Howard, Professor of English at Columbia University
June 8 through July 17, 1992
How does one account for the fact that certain dramatic genres flourish in particular time periods and not in others? What historically specific needs does a given genre fulfill? What social, economic, and political tensions does lit articulate and address? What genres first emerged during Shakespeare's years as a playwright, and how did he contribute to or build upon their development?
This NEH Summer Institute for College and University Faculty will investigate these issues by focusing on the late-sixteenth- and early-seventeenth century emergence of two theatrical subgenres: domestic tragedy and city comedy. Participants will ask why these dramatic "kinds" flourished when they did and will consider the social conflicts embodied in and managed by them.
A central goal of the institute will be to make use of the new methods that anthropologists, literary critics, and historians have developed for examining the place of dramatic texts and the institution of the theatre in the commercial, symbolic, and political life of early modem England. Consequently, readings will include works of social and economic history as well as theoretical pieces on the social function of generic forms and the role of ideology in social change and cultural reproduction.
Many of the sessions will be devoted to using these resources to read and critique two sets of dramatic texts. For domestic tragedy, participants will address the class and gender tensions mediated through this genre, its handling of house holding and domestic space as factors in the engendering of possessiveness, and its preoccupation with female criminality. Included will be such plays as A Woman Killed with Kindness, Arden of Feversham, A Yorkshire Tragedy. and Othello. For city comedy, participants will look at the genre's focus on the commercialization of every aspect of social life, including sexuality, and at the way the representation of urban life helps to create new forms of subjectivity, desire, and embodied being. Included will be such plays as The Shoemaker's Holiday, Bartholomew Fair, A Chaste Maid in Cheapside, The Honest Whore, and Measure for Measure. Throughout the institute, participants will be encouraged to define their own sets of interests within the general framework established and to consider how the methods and texts discussed can be used in undergraduate teaching as well as in research projects.