Difference between revisions of "Nobility and Newcomers in Renaissance Ireland exhibition material"

(→‎Rise of the New English “New Men”: The Munster Plantation (case 6): added text from http://old.folger.edu/template.cfm?cid=4386&showpreview=1)
(Added text and LUNA/Hamnet call numbers as well as minor formatting for items up to case 10)
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==== Case 1 ====
 
==== Case 1 ====
  
* William Shakespeare. ''King Henry VI. Part 2''. London: Thomas Creed, 1594. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=160844 STC 26099]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/7wl134 title page] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/5zixo4 LUNA Digital Image].
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* William Shakespeare. [[Henry VI, Part 2|''King Henry VI. Part 2'']]. London: Thomas Creed, 1594. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=160844 STC 26099]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/7wl134 title page] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/5zixo4 LUNA Digital Image].
 
* Polydore Vergil. ''Anglica Historia''. Basel: Thomas Guarin, 1570. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=125957 Folio PA8585.V4 A3 1570 Cage]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/3360ou p. 572–573].
 
* Polydore Vergil. ''Anglica Historia''. Basel: Thomas Guarin, 1570. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=125957 Folio PA8585.V4 A3 1570 Cage]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/3360ou p. 572–573].
 
* FACSIMILE from the Bibliothèque Municipale, [https://www.bridgemanimages.com/en-US/ The Bridgeman Art Library]. French School. ''Portrait of Perkin Warbeck (ca.1474–99), flemish imposter and pretender to the English throne''. Sanguine on paper, 16th century. Image number: [https://www.bridgemanimages.com/en-US/search?filter_text=XJF87679&filter_group=all XJF87679].
 
* FACSIMILE from the Bibliothèque Municipale, [https://www.bridgemanimages.com/en-US/ The Bridgeman Art Library]. French School. ''Portrait of Perkin Warbeck (ca.1474–99), flemish imposter and pretender to the English throne''. Sanguine on paper, 16th century. Image number: [https://www.bridgemanimages.com/en-US/search?filter_text=XJF87679&filter_group=all XJF87679].
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==== Wall after case 1 ====
 
==== Wall after case 1 ====
  
* FACSIMILE. John Speed. ''Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine''. London: T. Snodham, 1616. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=162294 STC 23044]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/4wfq6g map between p. 137 & 138].  
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* FACSIMILE. John Speed. ''Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine''. London: T. Snodham, 1616. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=162294 STC 23044]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/4wfq6g map between p. 137 & 138] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/c4nm10 LUNA Digital Image].  
  
 
== Dublin (case 2) ==  
 
== Dublin (case 2) ==  
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* LOAN courtesy of [http://library.harvard.edu Houghton Library], Harvard University. Michael O’Byrne, scribe. ''Ag so Duainaire Aodha mac Seain UiBhruin ó Glen Moluara''. Manuscript, compiled 1726–28. Harvard call number: [http://id.lib.harvard.edu/aleph/009493151/catalog MS Ir 6] and [http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/46911124 Harvard Digital Copy].
 
* LOAN courtesy of [http://library.harvard.edu Houghton Library], Harvard University. Michael O’Byrne, scribe. ''Ag so Duainaire Aodha mac Seain UiBhruin ó Glen Moluara''. Manuscript, compiled 1726–28. Harvard call number: [http://id.lib.harvard.edu/aleph/009493151/catalog MS Ir 6] and [http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/46911124 Harvard Digital Copy].
 
* FACSIMILE from Houghton Library, Harvard University. Michael O’Byrne, scribe. ''Ag so Duainaire Aodha mac Seain UiBhruin ó Glen Moluara''. Manuscript, compiled 1726–28. Houghton Call number: [http://id.lib.harvard.edu/aleph/009493151/catalog MS Ir 6] and [http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/46911124 Harvard Digital Copy].
 
* FACSIMILE from Houghton Library, Harvard University. Michael O’Byrne, scribe. ''Ag so Duainaire Aodha mac Seain UiBhruin ó Glen Moluara''. Manuscript, compiled 1726–28. Houghton Call number: [http://id.lib.harvard.edu/aleph/009493151/catalog MS Ir 6] and [http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/46911124 Harvard Digital Copy].
* FACSIMILE from [https://www.ria.ie Royal Irish Academy]. Míchéal mac Peadair Uí Longáin, scribe. ''Miscellany'', “Toghaim Tomas rogha” on “Black Thomas” Butler. Manuscript, 18th century. Shelf-mark RIA, MS 23 N 15 and ([http://old.folger.edu/imgdtl.cfm?imageid=5206&cid=4384 Image]).
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* FACSIMILE from [https://www.ria.ie Royal Irish Academy]. Míchéal mac Peadair Uí Longáin, scribe. ''Miscellany'', “Toghaim Tomas rogha” on “Black Thomas” Butler. Manuscript, 18th century. Shelf-mark [http://cats.ria.ie/ics-wpd/exec/icswppro.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/ics-wpd/exec/icswppro.dll&BU=http%3A%2F%2Fcats.ria.ie%2Fmanusimple.html&TN=Manusc~1&SN=AUTO11800&SE=1561&RN=0&MR=35&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&CS=1&XP=&RF=Web+Display+-+List&EF=&DF=Web+Display+-+Full&RL=1&EL=1&DL=1&NP=1&ID=&MF=&MQ=&TI=0&DT=&ST=0&IR=1476&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=manusimple-out&OEX=ISO-8859-1&OEH=ISO-8859-1 RIA, MS 23 N 15] and ([http://old.folger.edu/imgdtl.cfm?imageid=5206&cid=4384 Image]).
 
* FACSIMILE from the Huntington Library. Thomas Churchyard. ''A Scourge for Rebels''. London: Thomas Dawson, 1584. Call number: [http://catalog.huntington.org/record=b1498099~S0 56400] and ([http://old.folger.edu/imgdtl.cfm?imageid=5207&cid=4384 Image]).
 
* FACSIMILE from the Huntington Library. Thomas Churchyard. ''A Scourge for Rebels''. London: Thomas Dawson, 1584. Call number: [http://catalog.huntington.org/record=b1498099~S0 56400] and ([http://old.folger.edu/imgdtl.cfm?imageid=5207&cid=4384 Image]).
 
* Edmund Spenser. ''The Faerie Queene''. London: John Wolfe, 1590. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=170392 STC 23080 Copy 1]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/h1ev4v sig. 2Q2v–2Q2r] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/83x28a LUNA Digital Image].  
 
* Edmund Spenser. ''The Faerie Queene''. London: John Wolfe, 1590. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=170392 STC 23080 Copy 1]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/h1ev4v sig. 2Q2v–2Q2r] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/83x28a LUNA Digital Image].  
Line 90: Line 90:
 
* FACSIMILE from [http://www.lambethpalacelibrary.org Lambeth Palace]. Desmond pedigree. 17th century. Order No. MS 610.  
 
* FACSIMILE from [http://www.lambethpalacelibrary.org Lambeth Palace]. Desmond pedigree. 17th century. Order No. MS 610.  
 
* Thomas Churchyard. ''The miserie of Flaunders, calamitie of Fraunce, misfortune of Portugall, unquietnes of Irelande, troubles of Scotlande: and the blessed state of Englande''. London: Felix Kingston, 1579. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=160725 STC 5243]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/ipu767 sig. C3v–D1].   
 
* Thomas Churchyard. ''The miserie of Flaunders, calamitie of Fraunce, misfortune of Portugall, unquietnes of Irelande, troubles of Scotlande: and the blessed state of Englande''. London: Felix Kingston, 1579. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=160725 STC 5243]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/ipu767 sig. C3v–D1].   
* FACSIMILE from Cambridge University Library. A[nthony] M[unday]. ''The True Reporte of the Prosperous Successe which God Gave Unto our English Souldiours''. London: Edward White, 1581.
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* FACSIMILE from Cambridge University Library. A[nthony] M[unday]. ''The True Reporte of the Prosperous Successe which God Gave Unto our English Souldiours''. London: Edward White, 1581. ([http://old.folger.edu/imgdtl.cfm?imageid=5209&cid=4385 Image])
 
* Edmund Spenser. ''The Faerie Queene''. London: Richard Field, 1596. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=167148 STC 23082 copy 2]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/vb8po5 p. 466–467]  and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/47gdpo LUNA Digital Image].
 
* Edmund Spenser. ''The Faerie Queene''. London: Richard Field, 1596. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=167148 STC 23082 copy 2]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/vb8po5 p. 466–467]  and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/47gdpo LUNA Digital Image].
  
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* Raphael Holinshed. ''Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande''. London: Henry Denham, 1587. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=169337 STC 13569 Copy 2 v.1]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/wxyj5v p. 172–173].  
 
* Raphael Holinshed. ''Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande''. London: Henry Denham, 1587. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=169337 STC 13569 Copy 2 v.1]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/wxyj5v p. 172–173].  
  
== Rise of the New English “New Men”: The Munster Plantation (case 6) ==
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== Rise of the New English “New Men”: The Munster Plantation (case 6 and wall after case 6) ==
  
 
The death of the "Rebel Earl" of Desmond and that of many of his followers was a boon for newcomers. Almost half a million acres were siezed by the crown and distributed to those well-conected at cuort and those in government service, like the well-known poet Edmund Spenser. The result was Munster Planation, the largest colonial scheme in the country. It was based on humanistic and classical principles harking back to ancient Rome, as well as on modern surveying techniques. The primary goal of the Munster Plantation was to transform—with order, industry, and innovation—a supposedly savage, Catholic, backward, and degenerated Irish land into a Protestant and profitable realm that would be repeopled with English settlers.
 
The death of the "Rebel Earl" of Desmond and that of many of his followers was a boon for newcomers. Almost half a million acres were siezed by the crown and distributed to those well-conected at cuort and those in government service, like the well-known poet Edmund Spenser. The result was Munster Planation, the largest colonial scheme in the country. It was based on humanistic and classical principles harking back to ancient Rome, as well as on modern surveying techniques. The primary goal of the Munster Plantation was to transform—with order, industry, and innovation—a supposedly savage, Catholic, backward, and degenerated Irish land into a Protestant and profitable realm that would be repeopled with English settlers.
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=== Items included ===
 
=== Items included ===
  
* Richard Beacon. Solon his Follie. Oxford: Joseph Barnes, 1594. STC 1653.2; displayed title page
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==== Case 6 ====
* Copy of letter from Erhardus Stibarus to Erasmus Neustetter from Lotichius, Elegiarum (Lyon, 1553), in the hand of Edmund Spenser. Manuscript, copied after 1576. X.d.520
 
* Georg Sabinus. Poemata. Leipzig, 1563? V.a.341; displayed title page
 
* Edmund Spenser. Amoretti and Epithalamion. London: P. Short, 1595. STC 23076; displayed title page
 
* Edmund Spenser.  Colin Clouts Come Home Againe. London: Thomas Creede, 1595. STC 23077 copy 4; displayed A2
 
* Lodowick Bryskett. “A Pastorall Aeglogue upon the death of Sir Phillip Sidney Knight, & Co.” in Edmund Spenser Colin Clouts Come Home Againe. London: Thomas Creede, 1595. STC 23077 copy 2; displayed H2
 
* FACSIMILE from the Royal Irish Academy. Feargal Dubh Ó Gadhra, scribe. Court verse. Poem by Eochaid Ó hEodhusa in O’Gara manuscript, 17th century. Shelf Mark MS 23 F 16.
 
  
== Wall after Case 6 ==
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* Richard Beacon. ''Solon his Follie''. Oxford: Joseph Barnes, 1594. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=158718 STC 1653.2]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/sqr3r9 title page].
 +
* Copy of letter from Erhardus Stibarus to Erasmus Neustetter from Lotichius, ''Elegiarum'' (Lyon, 1553), in the hand of Edmund Spenser. Manuscript, copied after 1576. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=193492 X.d.520] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/185ka1 LUNA Digital Image].
 +
* Georg Sabinus. ''Poemata''. Leipzig, 1563? Call number: V.a.341; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/bwete7 title page].
 +
* Edmund Spenser. ''Amoretti and Epithalamion''. London: P. Short, 1595. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=163965 STC 23076]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/wuao3f title page] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/59b43d LUNA Digital Copy].
 +
* Edmund Spenser. ''Colin Clouts Come Home Againe''. London: Thomas Creede, 1595. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=163975 STC 23077 copy 4]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/xnyu04 sig. A2r]
 +
* Lodowick Bryskett. “A Pastorall Aeglogue upon the death of Sir Phillip Sidney Knight, & Co.” in Edmund Spenser ''Colin Clouts Come Home Againe''. London: Thomas Creede, 1595. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=163975 STC 23077 copy 2]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/c66ig4 sig. H2r].
 +
* FACSIMILE from the Royal Irish Academy. Feargal Dubh Ó Gadhra, scribe. ''Court verse''. Poem by Eochaid Ó hEodhusa in O’Gara manuscript, 17th century. Shelf Mark [http://cats.ria.ie/ics-wpd/exec/icswppro.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/ics-wpd/exec/icswppro.dll&BU=http%3A%2F%2Fcats.ria.ie%2Fmanusimple.html&TN=Manusc~1&SN=AUTO6173&SE=1559&RN=0&MR=35&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&CS=1&XP=&RF=Web+Display+-+List&EF=&DF=Web+Display+-+Full&RL=1&EL=1&DL=1&NP=1&ID=&MF=&MQ=&TI=0&DT=&ST=0&IR=567&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=manusimple-out&OEX=ISO-8859-1&OEH=ISO-8859-1 RIA, MS 23 F 16] and Digital copy at [http://www.isos.dias.ie Irish Script on Screen].
  
=== Items included ===
+
==== Wall after case 6 ====
  
 
* FACSIMILE from the National Gallery of Ireland. William Segar [attributed]. ''Portrait of Sir Walter Raleigh (1522–1618), Soldier and Historian''. Oil on canvas, 16th century. NGI number: [http://onlinecollection.nationalgallery.ie/view/objects/asitem/278/28/sortNumber-asc?t%3Astate%3Aflow=b67bfbc3-1d85-47eb-a1a4-ae3044937894 NGI.281].
 
* FACSIMILE from the National Gallery of Ireland. William Segar [attributed]. ''Portrait of Sir Walter Raleigh (1522–1618), Soldier and Historian''. Oil on canvas, 16th century. NGI number: [http://onlinecollection.nationalgallery.ie/view/objects/asitem/278/28/sortNumber-asc?t%3Astate%3Aflow=b67bfbc3-1d85-47eb-a1a4-ae3044937894 NGI.281].
* LOAN from Elizabethan Gardens. Artist unknown, attributed to the school of Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger. ''Portrait of Elizabeth I (1533–1603)''. Oil on oak panels, ca. 1593. [https://flic.kr/p/dT9Vsr Image].
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* LOAN courtesy of [http://elizabethangardens.org Elizabethan Gardens], North Carolina. Artist unknown, attributed to the school of Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger. ''Portrait of Elizabeth I (1533–1603)''. Oil on oak panels, ca. 1593. [https://flic.kr/p/dT9Vsr Image].
 
* FACSIMILE from Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library. ''Portrait of a gentleman, said to be Edmund Spenser (c. 1552–99), the Kinnoull Portrait''. Oil on panel, early 17th century. Image number: [https://www.bridgemanimages.com/en-US/asset/84829/english-school-16th-century/portrait-of-a-gentleman-said-to-be-edmund-spenser-c-1552-99-the-kinnoull-portrait-panel MOU84829].
 
* FACSIMILE from Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library. ''Portrait of a gentleman, said to be Edmund Spenser (c. 1552–99), the Kinnoull Portrait''. Oil on panel, early 17th century. Image number: [https://www.bridgemanimages.com/en-US/asset/84829/english-school-16th-century/portrait-of-a-gentleman-said-to-be-edmund-spenser-c-1552-99-the-kinnoull-portrait-panel MOU84829].
  
== Breaking the West: Queens, Captains, and Nobility in Connacht (case 7) ==
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== Breaking the West: Queens, Captains, and Nobility in Connacht (case 7 and wall after case 7) ==
 +
 
 +
The province of Connacht experienced the same heady mix of negotiation, resistance, alliance, and violence that marked English–Irish contact in Leinster and Munster. Yet the government of Connacht was particularly prone to abuse by nominally loyal officials, many of them newcomers, who operated largely outside of crown control in remote parts of the realm. Not all of the entrenched local families in the west suffered in the late-Tudor and early-Stuart periods as a result, however. The O’Briens, a native Irish kingship of ancient ancestry, continued to rule as earls of Thomond and flourished during these turbulent times. They owed their success to their unswerving loyalty to the crown, but also in part to the fatal missteps of their rivals.
  
 
=== Items included ===
 
=== Items included ===
  
* John Speed. Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine. London: Thomas Snodham, 1616. STC 23044; displayed after p. 143
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==== Case 7 ====
* FACSIMILE from private collection. English School. Portrait of Sir William Fitzwilliam (1529–99), Lord Deputy of Ireland. 1595.
 
* FACSIMILE from the National Portrait Gallery, London. Unknown artist. Sir Richard Bingham (1528–99). Oil on panel, 1564.
 
* Program for The Pirate Queen. Hilton Theatre, New York. New York,  2007.
 
* FACSIMILE from the Irish Image Collection/Getty Images. Rockfleet Castle on Clew Bay, County Mayo, Ireland (“Pirate Queen” Tower House). Photograph.
 
* Conrad Heresbach. Foure Bookes of Husbandry. London: John Kingston, 1578. STC 13197 copy 2; displayed ij
 
* John Milton. “Lycidas” from Justa Edouardo King Naufrago. Cambridge: Thomas Buck, 1638. STC 14964; displayed p. 20–21
 
  
== Wall after Case 7 ==
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* John Speed. ''Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine''. London: Thomas Snodham, 1616. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=162294 STC 23044]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/kg88bw map between p. 143–144] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/c4nm10 LUNA Digital Image].
 +
* FACSIMILE from private collection. English School. ''Portrait of Sir William Fitzwilliam (1529–99), Lord Deputy of Ireland''. 1595.
 +
* FACSIMILE from the [http://www.npg.org.uk National Portrait Gallery], London. Unknown artist. ''Sir Richard Bingham (1528–99)''. Oil on panel, 1564. NPG number: [http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw00567/Sir-Richard-Bingham?LinkID=mp00421&search=sas&sText=Sir+Richard+Bingham&role=sit&rNo=0 NPG 3793].
 +
* Program for ''The Pirate Queen''. Hilton Theatre, New York. New York, 2007.
 +
* FACSIMILE from the Irish Image Collection/Getty Images. Rockfleet Castle on Clew Bay, County Mayo, Ireland (“Pirate Queen” Tower House). Photograph. [https://flic.kr/p/dKE87Z Image].
 +
* Conrad Heresbach. ''Foure Bookes of Husbandry''. London: John Kingston, 1578. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=160238 STC 13197 copy 2]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/v7t76k sig. ij].
 +
* John Milton. “Lycidas” from ''Justa Edouardo King Naufrago''. Cambridge: Thomas Buck, 1638. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=163280 STC 14964]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/479w4t p. 20–21].
  
=== Items included ===
+
==== Wall after Case 7 ====
  
* FACSIMILE from the Royal Irish Academy. Mícheál Óg Ó Longáin, scribe. A collection of scraps of manuscripts written at various times and in various places. Manuscript, 1795–1821, and 1833. Shelf Mark MS 23 G 24.
+
* FACSIMILE from the Royal Irish Academy. Mícheál Óg Ó Longáin, scribe. A collection of scraps of manuscripts written at various times and in various places. Manuscript, 1795–1821, and 1833. Shelf Mark [http://cats.ria.ie/ics-wpd/exec/icswppro.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/ics-wpd/exec/icswppro.dll&BU=http%3A%2F%2Fcats.ria.ie%2Fmanusimple.html&TN=Manusc~1&SN=AUTO11551&SE=1560&RN=0&MR=35&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&CS=1&XP=&RF=Web+Display+-+List&EF=&DF=Web+Display+-+Full&RL=1&EL=1&DL=1&NP=1&ID=&MF=&MQ=&TI=0&DT=&ST=0&IR=1146&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=manusimple-out&OEX=ISO-8859-1&OEH=ISO-8859-1 RIA, MS 23 G 24].
* FACSIMILE from the Baltimore Museum of Art. Sir Anthony van Dyck. The Marchioness of Worcester. Oil on canvas, ca. 1637.
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* FACSIMILE from the [https://artbma.org Baltimore Museum of Art], Maryland. Sir Anthony van Dyck. ''The Marchioness of Worcester''. Oil on canvas, ca. 1637. Object number: [http://collection.artbma.org/emuseum/view/objects/asitem/items@:37105 1938.178] and [https://flic.kr/p/dKKAt9 Image].
* Kilcolman Castle, County Cork. Contemporary photographs and virtual reconstruction on website, "Centering Spenser: A Digital Resource for the Munster Plantation," constructed by the East Carolina University Multimedia Center.
+
* Kilcolman Castle, County Cork. Contemporary photographs and virtual reconstruction on website, [http://core.ecu.edu/umc/Munster/index.html "Centering Spenser: A Digital Resource for the Munster Plantation,"] constructed by the [http://www.ecu.edu/cs-acad/umc/projects.cfm East Carolina University Multimedia Center].
  
== Wall before Case 8 ==
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== Wall before case 8 ==
  
* FACSIMILE. Mantle. Created December 2012 by Professor Robin Haller and students of the Textiles Program, School of Fine Arts and Communication, East Carolina University.
+
* FACSIMILE. Mantle. Created December 2012 by Professor Robin Haller and students of the Textiles Program, School of Fine Arts and Communication, East Carolina University. [http://blog.ecu.edu/sites/poeight/blog/2013/04/01/folger-shakespeare-library-exhibit-features-ecu-connections-2/ Image and ECU blog post].
  
 
== The Nine Year’s War (case 8) ==
 
== The Nine Year’s War (case 8) ==
 +
 +
The Nine Years’ War (1594–1603) was a watershed conflict in Irish history and a major event in England, costing more than all of Queen Elizabeth’s previous military forays combined. It ruined the career of the dashing second Earl of Essex, the Queen’s final favorite courtier, and it concluded only a few days after Elizabeth’s death in London. Commanding the “rebels” was the wily and supremely capable Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone. The protracted conflict began in Ulster; had its climax at the Battle of Kinsale (1601), at the opposite end of the country; and reached its denouement back in Ulster. It led to the destruction of the Munster Plantation in the south and, after many punishments, pardons, and minor rebellions, the beginning of the Ulster Plantation in the north.
  
 
=== Items included ===
 
=== Items included ===
  
* Sir Thomas Stafford. Pacata Hibernia. London: Augustine Mathewes, 1633. STC 23132a; displayed fold-out between p. 188–189  
+
* Thomas Stafford. ''Pacata Hibernia, Ireland appeased and reduced''. London: Augustine Mathewes, 1633. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=167000 STC 23132a]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/eh6323 fold-out between p. 188–189] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/30hd0m LUNA Digital Image].
* Robert Bagot. Letter from Robert Bagot, Dublin, to Richard Bagot, Blithfield. Manuscript, February 24, 1598. L.a.85; displayed p. 376–377  
+
* Robert Bagot. Letter from Robert Bagot, Dublin, to Richard Bagot, Blithfield. Manuscript, February 24, 1598. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=230544 L.a.85]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/c415a3 p. 376–377] and [http://findingaids.folger.edu/dfobagot.xml#ref220 Guide to the Bagot Family Papers, 1428–1671] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/epouut LUNA Digital Image].
* Edmund Spenser. A View of the Present State of Ireland. In a miscellany on religion and state affairs, 1559–1601. Manuscript, compiled ca. 1601. V.b.214; displayed p. 137  
+
* Edmund Spenser. "A View of the Present State of Ireland". In a'' Miscellany on religion and state affairs, 1559–1601''. Manuscript, compiled ca. 1601. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=231440 V.b.214]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/4ucs22 p. 137] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/4f3k20 LUNA Digital Copy].
* Thomas Lee. The Discoverye and Recoverye of Ireland. Manuscript, ca. 1600. V.a.475; displayed title page  
+
* Thomas Lee. ''The Discoverye and Recoverye of Ireland''. Manuscript, ca. 1600. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=234745 V.a.475]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/nl44nm title page].
* I.E. A Letter from a Souldier of Good Place in Ireland. London: Thomas Creede?, 1602. STC 7434 copy 1; displayed title page  
+
* I.E. A Letter from a Souldier of Good Place in Ireland. London: Thomas Creede?, 1602. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=167063 STC 7434 copy 1]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/1n3g5r title page].
* William Shakespeare. Henry V. London: Printed for T.P.,1608. STC 22291 copy 1; displayed title page  
+
* William Shakespeare. [[Henry V|''The chronicle history of Henry the fift'']]. London: William Jaggard for Thomas Pavier, 1619. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=163908 STC 22291 Copy 1]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/5y74eq title page] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/536fgh LUNA Digital Copy] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/6qw671 Binding image on LUNA].
  
== James and the Three Kingdoms (case 9) ==
+
== James and the Three Kingdoms (case 9 and wall after case 9) ==
 +
 
 +
The end of the Nine Years’ War ushered in great change to Irish-English relations. Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, surrendered mere days after the death of Elizabeth I, last of the Tudor monarchs. Irish nobles faced a new dynasty, centered around Elizabeth’s successor, James Stuart. King James was the first monarch to unite the crowns of Ireland, England, and Scotland. He claimed descent from the peoples of all three kingdoms, and he worked hard to maintain peace between and among them. He worked equally hard to make the Irish nobility loyal to him, which he did by giving noble titles to favorites and selling them to loyal servants with deep pockets.
  
 
=== Items included ===
 
=== Items included ===
  
* FACSIMILE. John Speed. Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine. London: Thomas Snodham, 1616. STC 23044; displayed plate between 137–138
+
==== Case 9 ====
* Respublica Sive Status Regni Scotiae et Hiberniae [The Commonweal, or, the description of royal power of Scotland and Ireland by diverse authors]. Leiden: Elzevir Press, 1627.
+
 
* FACSIMILE from Clonalis House. “Poem in praise of James I,” from The Book of the O’Conor Don. Manuscript.
+
* FACSIMILE. John Speed. ''Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine''. London: Thomas Snodham, 1616. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=162294 STC 23044]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/65y3in detail, Gentle, Civil, & Wild Irish men and women, from map after p. 137] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/c4nm10 LUNA Digital Image].
* LOAN from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Transcribed by Domhnall ac Mothánna/Domhnal ac Taig. Tales, Ossianic verse. Manuscript, ca. 1603?
+
* ''Respublica Sive Status Regni Scotiae et Hiberniae'' [The Commonweal, or, the description of royal power of Scotland and Ireland by diverse authors]. Leiden: Elzevir Press, 1627.
* FACSIMILE from The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. Church of England Leabhar na nUrnaightheadh gComhchoidchiond. Dublin: Sheon Francke, 1608.
+
* FACSIMILE from [http://clonalis.com Clonalis House]. “Poem in praise of James I,” from ''The Book of the O’Conor Don''. Manuscript. ([http://old.folger.edu/imgdtl.cfm?imageid=5224&cid=4391 Image]).
* Ben Jonson. The Workes of Benjamin Jonson. London: Will Stansby, 1616. STC 14751; displayed p. 1000–1001  
+
* LOAN courtesy of the [http://specialcollections.library.wisc.edu University of Wisconsin], Madison. Transcribed by Domhnall ac Mothánna/Domhnall ac Taig. ''Tales, Ossianic verse''. Manuscript, ca. 1603? UW-Madison Call number: [https://search.library.wisc.edu/catalog/999608182402121 MS 179].
* Historical extracts. Manuscript, ca. 1625. X.d.393; displayed p. 23v–24
+
* FACSIMILE from the [http://www.themorgan.org Pierpont Morgan Library], New York. Church of England. ''Leabhar na nurnaightheadh gcomhchoidchiond''. Dublin: Sheon Francke, 1608. Morgan Call number: [http://corsair.themorgan.org/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=111221 E1 08 C].
 +
* Ben Jonson. ''The Workes of Benjamin Jonson''. London: Will Stansby, 1616. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=164104 STC 14751]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/8m0157 p. 1000–1001].
 +
* ''Historical extracts''. Manuscript, ca. 1625. Call number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=193388 X.d.393]; displayed [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/96t7zs p. 23v–24r] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/ivec22 LUNA Digital Image].
  
== Wall after Case 9 ==
+
==== Wall after case 9 ====
  
* English School, after Daniel Mytens. Portrait of Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton. Not before 1620. Folger Shakespeare Library.  FPb55
+
* English School, after Daniel Mytens. ''Portrait of Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton''. Not before 1620. Oil on canvasCall number: [http://hamnet.folger.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=128731 FPb55] and [http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/j34c5o LUNA Digital Image].
  
 
== Flight(s) of the Earls to the Continent and England (case 10) ==
 
== Flight(s) of the Earls to the Continent and England (case 10) ==
Line 178: Line 186:
 
=== Items included ===
 
=== Items included ===
  
* Maurice O'Fihely. Enchyridion Fidei. Venice: Boneto Locatelli, 1509. 159- 114q; displayed sig. A3r  
+
* Maurice O'Fihely. Enchyridion Fidei. Venice: Boneto Locatelli, 1509. Call number: 159- 114q; displayed sig. A3r  
* Richard Stanyhurst. De Vita S. Patricii. Antwerp: Christophe Plantin, 1587. BX4700.P3 S8 1587 Cage; displayed title page   
+
* Richard Stanyhurst. De Vita S. Patricii. Antwerp: Christophe Plantin, 1587. Call number: BX4700.P3 S8 1587 Cage; displayed title page   
* Phillip O’Sullivan Beare. Historiae Catholicae Iberniae compendium. Lisbon: Petro Crasbecckio, 1621. DA910.O7 Cage; displayed p. 14  
+
* Phillip O’Sullivan Beare. Historiae Catholicae Iberniae compendium. Lisbon: Petro Crasbecckio, 1621. Call number: DA910.O7 Cage; displayed p. 14  
 
* FACSIMILE from University College, Dublin. Tadhg Ó Cianáin. Diary of the Flight of Earls. Manuscript, ca. 1609.
 
* FACSIMILE from University College, Dublin. Tadhg Ó Cianáin. Diary of the Flight of Earls. Manuscript, ca. 1609.
 
* FACSIMILE from Hiram Morgan. Hugh O’Neill (back row, far left) in Rome. Detail from an Italian fresco (16th century).
 
* FACSIMILE from Hiram Morgan. Hugh O’Neill (back row, far left) in Rome. Detail from an Italian fresco (16th century).
* Thomas Carve. Itinerarium. London: Nicholas Heyll, 1639. D915.C29 1639 Cage; displayed sig. (6)  
+
* Thomas Carve. Itinerarium. London: Nicholas Heyll, 1639. Call number: D915.C29 1639 Cage; displayed sig. (6)  
  
 
== The Ulster Plantation (case 11) ==
 
== The Ulster Plantation (case 11) ==
Line 190: Line 198:
  
 
* FACSIMILE from Lambeth Palace Library. Carew Manuscript. Gaelic Pedigree.
 
* FACSIMILE from Lambeth Palace Library. Carew Manuscript. Gaelic Pedigree.
* Sir John Davies. Discoverie of the True Causes why Ireland was Never Entirely Subdued. London: William Jaggard, 1612. STC 6348; displayed title page  
+
* Sir John Davies. Discoverie of the True Causes why Ireland was Never Entirely Subdued. London: William Jaggard, 1612. Call number: STC 6348; displayed title page  
* William Shakespeare. Mr William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies London: Isaac Iaggard & Ed. Blount, 1623. STC 22237 fo. 1 no. 75; displayed first page of The Tempest  
+
* William Shakespeare. Mr William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies London: Isaac Iaggard & Ed. Blount, 1623. Call number: STC 22237 fo. 1 no. 75; displayed first page of The Tempest  
 
* LOAN from Bienecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Thomas Blenerhasset. A Direction for the Plantation in Ulster. London: Edward Allde, 1610.
 
* LOAN from Bienecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Thomas Blenerhasset. A Direction for the Plantation in Ulster. London: Edward Allde, 1610.
  
 
== Pilaster after Case 11 ==
 
== Pilaster after Case 11 ==
  
Pedigree of the Taylor family, Shadoxhurst, Kent. Manuscript, 1665. Z.e.41   
+
Pedigree of the Taylor family, Shadoxhurst, Kent. Manuscript, 1665. Call number: Z.e.41   
  
 
== Land and Law: The New Nobility (case 12) ==
 
== Land and Law: The New Nobility (case 12) ==
Line 204: Line 212:
 
* FACSIMILE from St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin. Boyle’s funerary monument.
 
* FACSIMILE from St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin. Boyle’s funerary monument.
 
* FACSIMILE from the National Library of Ireland. Thomond Pedigree. Manuscript, 16th century.
 
* FACSIMILE from the National Library of Ireland. Thomond Pedigree. Manuscript, 16th century.
* Desiderata Curiosa Hibernica. Dublin: David Hay, 1772. DA905.L8 Cage; displayed p. 196  
+
* Desiderata Curiosa Hibernica. Dublin: David Hay, 1772. Call number: DA905.L8 Cage; displayed p. 196  
* John Cusack (17th century). Ireland’s Comfort. Manuscript, 1629? G.a.10; displayed p. 175  
+
* John Cusack (17th century). Ireland’s Comfort. Manuscript, 1629? Call number: G.a.10; displayed p. 175  
 
* FACSIMILE from Lambeth Palace Library. Fear Flatha Ó Gnímh’s pedigree of Randall MacDonnell, a Scotsman made Viscount Dunluce in the Irish peerage.
 
* FACSIMILE from Lambeth Palace Library. Fear Flatha Ó Gnímh’s pedigree of Randall MacDonnell, a Scotsman made Viscount Dunluce in the Irish peerage.
  
 
== Vitrine after Case 12 ==
 
== Vitrine after Case 12 ==
  
* Edmund Tilney. Topographical descriptions, regiments, and policies. Manuscript, c.1597 – c.1601. V.b.182; displayed p. 342–343  
+
* Edmund Tilney. Topographical descriptions, regiments, and policies. Manuscript, c.1597 – c.1601. Call number: V.b.182; displayed p. 342–343  
  
 
== Stuart Dublin (case 13) ==
 
== Stuart Dublin (case 13) ==
Line 216: Line 224:
 
=== Items included ===
 
=== Items included ===
  
* Edmund Spenser. A View of the [Present] State of Ireland in Edmund Campion’s Two Histories of Ireland. Dublin: Society of Stationers, 1633. STC 25067a copy 2; displayed title page   
+
* Edmund Spenser. A View of the [Present] State of Ireland in Edmund Campion’s Two Histories of Ireland. Dublin: Society of Stationers, 1633. Call number: STC 25067a copy 2; displayed title page   
 
* FACSIMILE from Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library. Sir Anthony van Dyck. Portrait of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford. Oil on canvas, 17th century.   
 
* FACSIMILE from Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library. Sir Anthony van Dyck. Portrait of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford. Oil on canvas, 17th century.   
* Sir James Ware. De Scriptoribus Hiberniæ. Dublin: Society of Booksellers, 1639. STC 25066 copy 2; displayed A3   
+
* Sir James Ware. De Scriptoribus Hiberniæ. Dublin: Society of Booksellers, 1639. Call number: STC 25066 copy 2; displayed A3   
* James Shirley.The Royall Master. London: Thomas Cotes, 1638. STC 22454a copy 2; displayed title page   
+
* James Shirley.The Royall Master. London: Thomas Cotes, 1638. Call number: STC 22454a copy 2; displayed title page   
* James Shirley.St. Patrick for Ireland. London: J. Raworth, 1640. STC 22455 copy 1; displayed title page   
+
* James Shirley.St. Patrick for Ireland. London: J. Raworth, 1640. Call number: STC 22455 copy 1; displayed title page   
 
* LOAN from Rolf and Magda Lorber. Sir Philip Sidney. The Countess of Pembrokes Arcadia. Dublin: Society of Stationers, 1621.   
 
* LOAN from Rolf and Magda Lorber. Sir Philip Sidney. The Countess of Pembrokes Arcadia. Dublin: Society of Stationers, 1621.   
  
Line 227: Line 235:
 
=== Items included ===
 
=== Items included ===
  
* James Ussher. A Discourse of the Religion Anciently Professed by the Irish and Brittish London: Robert Young, 1631. STC 24549 copy 1; displayed title page  
+
* James Ussher. A Discourse of the Religion Anciently Professed by the Irish and Brittish London: Robert Young, 1631. Call number: STC 24549 copy 1; displayed title page  
* James Butler, Duke of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Articles of Peace, Made and Concluded with the Irish Rebels, and Papists. Including “Observations” attributed to John Milton. London: Matthew Simmons, 1649. A3863; displayed title page  
+
* James Butler, Duke of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Articles of Peace, Made and Concluded with the Irish Rebels, and Papists. Including “Observations” attributed to John Milton. London: Matthew Simmons, 1649. Call number: A3863; displayed title page  
* Wenceslaus Hollar. The True Maner of the Execution of Thomas Earle of Strafford. London, between 1641 and 1677. ART 264809 (size S) /   
+
* Wenceslaus Hollar. The True Maner of the Execution of Thomas Earle of Strafford. London, between 1641 and 1677. Call number: ART 264809 (size S) /   
* John Ford. The Chronicle Historie of Perkin Warbeck. London: Thomas Purfoot, 1634. STC 11157; displayed title page  
+
* John Ford. The Chronicle Historie of Perkin Warbeck. London: Thomas Purfoot, 1634. Call number: STC 11157; displayed title page  
* Owen Felltham. Resolves: Divine, Morall, Politicall. London: Anne Seile, 1661. F655; displayed A1r  
+
* Owen Felltham. Resolves: Divine, Morall, Politicall. London: Anne Seile, 1661. Call number: F655; displayed A1r  
 
* FACSIMILE from His Grace the Duke of Bedford and the Trustees of the Bedford Estates. Circle of Peter Lely. Margaret Russell with her niece Lady Diana. 17th century.
 
* FACSIMILE from His Grace the Duke of Bedford and the Trustees of the Bedford Estates. Circle of Peter Lely. Margaret Russell with her niece Lady Diana. 17th century.
 
* FACSIMILE from the Royal Irish Academy. Mícheál Ó Longáin, scribe. Copy of poem to Meg Russell. Manuscript, 18th century. Shelf Mark MS 23 G 20.
 
* FACSIMILE from the Royal Irish Academy. Mícheál Ó Longáin, scribe. Copy of poem to Meg Russell. Manuscript, 18th century. Shelf Mark MS 23 G 20.
* Henry Peacham. Minerva Britanna, or, A Garden of Heroical Devises. London: Wa. Dight, 1612. STC 19511 copy 1; displayed H3/p. 45  
+
* Henry Peacham. Minerva Britanna, or, A Garden of Heroical Devises. London: Wa. Dight, 1612. Call number: STC 19511 copy 1; displayed H3/p. 45  
 
* James Howell. Mercurius Hibernicus. Bristol, 1644.
 
* James Howell. Mercurius Hibernicus. Bristol, 1644.

Revision as of 13:24, 25 May 2015

This article offers a comprehensive and descriptive list of each piece included in Nobility and Newcomers in Renaissance Ireland, one of the Exhibitions at the Folger.

London: City of Two Realms (case 1 and wall after case 1)

London bore a heavy Irish mark, politically and culturally, in the late Middle Ages and Renaissance. Richard Duke of York's return from Ireland in 1450, where he served as Governor and enjoyed great support, helped spark the Wars of the Roses. The first Tudor king, Henry VII, (crowned 1485), would in turn face two Yorkist invasions launched from Ireland. Ireland was made a kingdom by Act of Parliament in 1541, and the crown's efforts to control the western realm inspired sixteenth-century mapmakers and historians: Knowledge equals power, and the Tudor capital was awash in new maps, histories, ethnographies, and politcal treatises concerning Ireland and its governance. Literary London, meanwhile, played to popular sentiment and emphasized the exotic character of the Irish in prose, verse, and drama.

Items included

Case 1

Wall after case 1

Dublin (case 2)

English and Irish noble connections played out in Dublin much as they did in London—at times harmonious, at times violently contentious. Founded by Vikings in the ninth century, Dublin was always an international settlement, and it became the de facto capital of the island by the time of the Anglo-Norman invasion in the late twelfth century. This first "English" conquest established intimate connections—by blood, marriage, and alliance—between nominally "English" and nominally "Irish" aristocracy. By the late Tudor period, the descendants of these two groups had become the "Old English" and "native Irish" (or "Gaels") respectively, and both were predominantly Catholic. The Tudor reconquest then introduced a (mostly Protestant) "New English" interest to this mingled society and thereby added a new level of complexity to cosmopolitan Dublin and the rest of the country.

Items included

Turmoil in the Pale: the Decline of Kildare (case 3 and wall above case 3)

The English Pale was an ill-defined legislative zone create in 1494 to protect Dublin's hinterland from what lay beyond. From its inception, the Pale was a site of cultural hybridity, political negotiation, and occasional rebellion. Most local nobles were of mixed English-Irish ancestry and they had to maintain allegiance to the distant English crown while living among the Gaelic neighbors, who had their own established language, laws and traditions. After Henry VIII's break with Rome, the nobles also had to defend their Catholicism against a state-sponsored Protestantism. The greatest of these families was the Fitzgeralds, earls of Kildare, who were among the most powerful and wealthy lords in all of England and Ireland. Until their rebellion in the 1530s, they regularly served as the English crown's cheif governors in Ireland.

Items included

Case 3

  • Richard Stanyhurst. De Rebus de Hibernia Gestis...1584. Call number: DA930.S8 1584 Cage; displayed title page.
  • Richard Stanyhurst. The First Foure Bookes of Virgil’s Aeneis. London: Henry Bynneman, 1583. Call number: STC 24807; displayed p. 1.
  • FACSIMILE from the National Gallery of Ireland. Attributed to the Master of the Countess of Warwick. Portrait of “The Fair Geraldine,” Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Countess of Lincoln (ca. 1528–90). Oil on panel, 16th century. NGI number: NGI.1195 and Image.
  • Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey. Sonnet to Elizabeth Fitgerald in Songs and Sonets. London: Richard Tottell, 1574. Call number: STC 13866 Copy 1; displayed fol. 5r and LUNA Digital Image.
  • Thomas Nashe. The Unfortunate Traveller. London: T. Scarlet, 1594. Call number: STC 18380; displayed p. 35.

Wall above case 3

Continuity & Change: Ormond’s Leinster (wall before case 4 and case 4)

As their rivals the Kildares fell from grace, the earls of Ormond rose to fill their place as the crown's Irish favorite. The greatest of the Ormond earls was Thomas "Black Tom" Butler (1531–1614), tenth earl of Ormond. He was a cousin of Queen Elizabeth and a man of immense wealth, connection, and diplomatic skill across cultural lines. While the earl's brothers in Tipperary took up arms against the government in 1569, Black Tom was staunchly loyal and helped to supress his rebellious brethren. Ormond spent many years at court in London and he also owned property in England. His proximity to the queen and near total power over his Irish territories aroused the envy of rivals on both islands.

Items included

Wall before case 4

  • FACSIMILE from the National Gallery of Ireland. Attributed to Steven van der Meule. Portrait of Thomas Butler (1532–1614), tenth Earl of Ormond. Oil on panel, 16th century. NGI number: NGI.4687 and Image.

Case 4

  • Dermot O'Meara. Ormonius. London: Thomas Snodham, 1615. Call number: STC 17761; displayed title page.
  • Genealogies of earls of England and Ireland. Manuscript, 1581 – c.1625. Call number: V.a.266; displayed leaf between 20 & 21.
  • LOAN courtesy of Houghton Library, Harvard University. Michael O’Byrne, scribe. Ag so Duainaire Aodha mac Seain UiBhruin ó Glen Moluara. Manuscript, compiled 1726–28. Harvard call number: MS Ir 6 and Harvard Digital Copy.
  • FACSIMILE from Houghton Library, Harvard University. Michael O’Byrne, scribe. Ag so Duainaire Aodha mac Seain UiBhruin ó Glen Moluara. Manuscript, compiled 1726–28. Houghton Call number: MS Ir 6 and Harvard Digital Copy.
  • FACSIMILE from Royal Irish Academy. Míchéal mac Peadair Uí Longáin, scribe. Miscellany, “Toghaim Tomas rogha” on “Black Thomas” Butler. Manuscript, 18th century. Shelf-mark RIA, MS 23 N 15 and (Image).
  • FACSIMILE from the Huntington Library. Thomas Churchyard. A Scourge for Rebels. London: Thomas Dawson, 1584. Call number: 56400 and (Image).
  • Edmund Spenser. The Faerie Queene. London: John Wolfe, 1590. Call number: STC 23080 Copy 1; displayed sig. 2Q2v–2Q2r and LUNA Digital Image.
  • Attributed to Thomas Morgan. Leycesters Commonwealth. Paris, 1584. Call number: STC 19399; displayed p. 44–45.

Wall after Case 4

  • Plaster cast made from portrait in relief (1565–75) of King Edward VI, from the ornamental frieze of the Long Gallery, Ormond Castle, Carrick-On-Suir, County Tipperary, Ireland. Kindly reproduced for exhibition by the National Monument Service, Office of Public Works, Ireland.

Rebellion in Munster: the Fall of Desmond (case 5)

Like Ormond and Kildare, the house of Desmond in the southwest had a long, wealthy, and proud history in Ireland dating back to the Anglo-Norman invasion. Unlike its rivals to the north and east, however, it did not survive the Tudor period. The fifteenth earl launched a major rebellion that was crushed in 1583, and the crown, on the grounds of treason, siezed the earl's property and that of his rebel associates. The Desmonds had been one of the wealthiest and most powerful families in England and Ireland in the mid-sixteenth century; by the early seventeenth century, they had become powerless, and their titles passed into the hands of Richard Preston, Lord Dingwall, one of King James's Scottish favorites.

Items included

  • LOAN courtesy of Rolf and Magda Loeber. Francesco Petrarch. Le Volgari Opere del Petrarcha con la Espositione di Alessandro Vellutello da Lucca. Venice, 1525.
  • FACSIMILE from Lambeth Palace. Desmond pedigree. 17th century. Order No. MS 610.
  • Thomas Churchyard. The miserie of Flaunders, calamitie of Fraunce, misfortune of Portugall, unquietnes of Irelande, troubles of Scotlande: and the blessed state of Englande. London: Felix Kingston, 1579. Call number: STC 5243; displayed sig. C3v–D1.
  • FACSIMILE from Cambridge University Library. A[nthony] M[unday]. The True Reporte of the Prosperous Successe which God Gave Unto our English Souldiours. London: Edward White, 1581. (Image)
  • Edmund Spenser. The Faerie Queene. London: Richard Field, 1596. Call number: STC 23082 copy 2; displayed p. 466–467 and LUNA Digital Image.

Wall above Case 5

Vitrine after Case 5

Rise of the New English “New Men”: The Munster Plantation (case 6 and wall after case 6)

The death of the "Rebel Earl" of Desmond and that of many of his followers was a boon for newcomers. Almost half a million acres were siezed by the crown and distributed to those well-conected at cuort and those in government service, like the well-known poet Edmund Spenser. The result was Munster Planation, the largest colonial scheme in the country. It was based on humanistic and classical principles harking back to ancient Rome, as well as on modern surveying techniques. The primary goal of the Munster Plantation was to transform—with order, industry, and innovation—a supposedly savage, Catholic, backward, and degenerated Irish land into a Protestant and profitable realm that would be repeopled with English settlers.

Items included

Case 6

  • Richard Beacon. Solon his Follie. Oxford: Joseph Barnes, 1594. Call number: STC 1653.2; displayed title page.
  • Copy of letter from Erhardus Stibarus to Erasmus Neustetter from Lotichius, Elegiarum (Lyon, 1553), in the hand of Edmund Spenser. Manuscript, copied after 1576. Call number: X.d.520 and LUNA Digital Image.
  • Georg Sabinus. Poemata. Leipzig, 1563? Call number: V.a.341; displayed title page.
  • Edmund Spenser. Amoretti and Epithalamion. London: P. Short, 1595. Call number: STC 23076; displayed title page and LUNA Digital Copy.
  • Edmund Spenser. Colin Clouts Come Home Againe. London: Thomas Creede, 1595. Call number: STC 23077 copy 4; displayed sig. A2r
  • Lodowick Bryskett. “A Pastorall Aeglogue upon the death of Sir Phillip Sidney Knight, & Co.” in Edmund Spenser Colin Clouts Come Home Againe. London: Thomas Creede, 1595. Call number: STC 23077 copy 2; displayed sig. H2r.
  • FACSIMILE from the Royal Irish Academy. Feargal Dubh Ó Gadhra, scribe. Court verse. Poem by Eochaid Ó hEodhusa in O’Gara manuscript, 17th century. Shelf Mark RIA, MS 23 F 16 and Digital copy at Irish Script on Screen.

Wall after case 6

  • FACSIMILE from the National Gallery of Ireland. William Segar [attributed]. Portrait of Sir Walter Raleigh (1522–1618), Soldier and Historian. Oil on canvas, 16th century. NGI number: NGI.281.
  • LOAN courtesy of Elizabethan Gardens, North Carolina. Artist unknown, attributed to the school of Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger. Portrait of Elizabeth I (1533–1603). Oil on oak panels, ca. 1593. Image.
  • FACSIMILE from Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library. Portrait of a gentleman, said to be Edmund Spenser (c. 1552–99), the Kinnoull Portrait. Oil on panel, early 17th century. Image number: MOU84829.

Breaking the West: Queens, Captains, and Nobility in Connacht (case 7 and wall after case 7)

The province of Connacht experienced the same heady mix of negotiation, resistance, alliance, and violence that marked English–Irish contact in Leinster and Munster. Yet the government of Connacht was particularly prone to abuse by nominally loyal officials, many of them newcomers, who operated largely outside of crown control in remote parts of the realm. Not all of the entrenched local families in the west suffered in the late-Tudor and early-Stuart periods as a result, however. The O’Briens, a native Irish kingship of ancient ancestry, continued to rule as earls of Thomond and flourished during these turbulent times. They owed their success to their unswerving loyalty to the crown, but also in part to the fatal missteps of their rivals.

Items included

Case 7

  • John Speed. Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine. London: Thomas Snodham, 1616. Call number: STC 23044; displayed map between p. 143–144 and LUNA Digital Image.
  • FACSIMILE from private collection. English School. Portrait of Sir William Fitzwilliam (1529–99), Lord Deputy of Ireland. 1595.
  • FACSIMILE from the National Portrait Gallery, London. Unknown artist. Sir Richard Bingham (1528–99). Oil on panel, 1564. NPG number: NPG 3793.
  • Program for The Pirate Queen. Hilton Theatre, New York. New York, 2007.
  • FACSIMILE from the Irish Image Collection/Getty Images. Rockfleet Castle on Clew Bay, County Mayo, Ireland (“Pirate Queen” Tower House). Photograph. Image.
  • Conrad Heresbach. Foure Bookes of Husbandry. London: John Kingston, 1578. Call number: STC 13197 copy 2; displayed sig. ij.
  • John Milton. “Lycidas” from Justa Edouardo King Naufrago. Cambridge: Thomas Buck, 1638. Call number: STC 14964; displayed p. 20–21.

Wall after Case 7

Wall before case 8

  • FACSIMILE. Mantle. Created December 2012 by Professor Robin Haller and students of the Textiles Program, School of Fine Arts and Communication, East Carolina University. Image and ECU blog post.

The Nine Year’s War (case 8)

The Nine Years’ War (1594–1603) was a watershed conflict in Irish history and a major event in England, costing more than all of Queen Elizabeth’s previous military forays combined. It ruined the career of the dashing second Earl of Essex, the Queen’s final favorite courtier, and it concluded only a few days after Elizabeth’s death in London. Commanding the “rebels” was the wily and supremely capable Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone. The protracted conflict began in Ulster; had its climax at the Battle of Kinsale (1601), at the opposite end of the country; and reached its denouement back in Ulster. It led to the destruction of the Munster Plantation in the south and, after many punishments, pardons, and minor rebellions, the beginning of the Ulster Plantation in the north.

Items included

James and the Three Kingdoms (case 9 and wall after case 9)

The end of the Nine Years’ War ushered in great change to Irish-English relations. Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, surrendered mere days after the death of Elizabeth I, last of the Tudor monarchs. Irish nobles faced a new dynasty, centered around Elizabeth’s successor, James Stuart. King James was the first monarch to unite the crowns of Ireland, England, and Scotland. He claimed descent from the peoples of all three kingdoms, and he worked hard to maintain peace between and among them. He worked equally hard to make the Irish nobility loyal to him, which he did by giving noble titles to favorites and selling them to loyal servants with deep pockets.

Items included

Case 9

Wall after case 9

  • English School, after Daniel Mytens. Portrait of Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton. Not before 1620. Oil on canvas. Call number: FPb55 and LUNA Digital Image.

Flight(s) of the Earls to the Continent and England (case 10)

Items included

  • Maurice O'Fihely. Enchyridion Fidei. Venice: Boneto Locatelli, 1509. Call number: 159- 114q; displayed sig. A3r
  • Richard Stanyhurst. De Vita S. Patricii. Antwerp: Christophe Plantin, 1587. Call number: BX4700.P3 S8 1587 Cage; displayed title page
  • Phillip O’Sullivan Beare. Historiae Catholicae Iberniae compendium. Lisbon: Petro Crasbecckio, 1621. Call number: DA910.O7 Cage; displayed p. 14
  • FACSIMILE from University College, Dublin. Tadhg Ó Cianáin. Diary of the Flight of Earls. Manuscript, ca. 1609.
  • FACSIMILE from Hiram Morgan. Hugh O’Neill (back row, far left) in Rome. Detail from an Italian fresco (16th century).
  • Thomas Carve. Itinerarium. London: Nicholas Heyll, 1639. Call number: D915.C29 1639 Cage; displayed sig. (6)

The Ulster Plantation (case 11)

Items included

  • FACSIMILE from Lambeth Palace Library. Carew Manuscript. Gaelic Pedigree.
  • Sir John Davies. Discoverie of the True Causes why Ireland was Never Entirely Subdued. London: William Jaggard, 1612. Call number: STC 6348; displayed title page
  • William Shakespeare. Mr William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies London: Isaac Iaggard & Ed. Blount, 1623. Call number: STC 22237 fo. 1 no. 75; displayed first page of The Tempest
  • LOAN from Bienecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University. Thomas Blenerhasset. A Direction for the Plantation in Ulster. London: Edward Allde, 1610.

Pilaster after Case 11

Pedigree of the Taylor family, Shadoxhurst, Kent. Manuscript, 1665. Call number: Z.e.41

Land and Law: The New Nobility (case 12)

Items included

  • FACSIMILE from St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin. Boyle’s funerary monument.
  • FACSIMILE from the National Library of Ireland. Thomond Pedigree. Manuscript, 16th century.
  • Desiderata Curiosa Hibernica. Dublin: David Hay, 1772. Call number: DA905.L8 Cage; displayed p. 196
  • John Cusack (17th century). Ireland’s Comfort. Manuscript, 1629? Call number: G.a.10; displayed p. 175
  • FACSIMILE from Lambeth Palace Library. Fear Flatha Ó Gnímh’s pedigree of Randall MacDonnell, a Scotsman made Viscount Dunluce in the Irish peerage.

Vitrine after Case 12

  • Edmund Tilney. Topographical descriptions, regiments, and policies. Manuscript, c.1597 – c.1601. Call number: V.b.182; displayed p. 342–343

Stuart Dublin (case 13)

Items included

  • Edmund Spenser. A View of the [Present] State of Ireland in Edmund Campion’s Two Histories of Ireland. Dublin: Society of Stationers, 1633. Call number: STC 25067a copy 2; displayed title page
  • FACSIMILE from Private Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library. Sir Anthony van Dyck. Portrait of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford. Oil on canvas, 17th century.
  • Sir James Ware. De Scriptoribus Hiberniæ. Dublin: Society of Booksellers, 1639. Call number: STC 25066 copy 2; displayed A3
  • James Shirley.The Royall Master. London: Thomas Cotes, 1638. Call number: STC 22454a copy 2; displayed title page
  • James Shirley.St. Patrick for Ireland. London: J. Raworth, 1640. Call number: STC 22455 copy 1; displayed title page
  • LOAN from Rolf and Magda Lorber. Sir Philip Sidney. The Countess of Pembrokes Arcadia. Dublin: Society of Stationers, 1621.

Irish London (case 14)

Items included

  • James Ussher. A Discourse of the Religion Anciently Professed by the Irish and Brittish London: Robert Young, 1631. Call number: STC 24549 copy 1; displayed title page
  • James Butler, Duke of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Articles of Peace, Made and Concluded with the Irish Rebels, and Papists. Including “Observations” attributed to John Milton. London: Matthew Simmons, 1649. Call number: A3863; displayed title page
  • Wenceslaus Hollar. The True Maner of the Execution of Thomas Earle of Strafford. London, between 1641 and 1677. Call number: ART 264809 (size S) /
  • John Ford. The Chronicle Historie of Perkin Warbeck. London: Thomas Purfoot, 1634. Call number: STC 11157; displayed title page
  • Owen Felltham. Resolves: Divine, Morall, Politicall. London: Anne Seile, 1661. Call number: F655; displayed A1r
  • FACSIMILE from His Grace the Duke of Bedford and the Trustees of the Bedford Estates. Circle of Peter Lely. Margaret Russell with her niece Lady Diana. 17th century.
  • FACSIMILE from the Royal Irish Academy. Mícheál Ó Longáin, scribe. Copy of poem to Meg Russell. Manuscript, 18th century. Shelf Mark MS 23 G 20.
  • Henry Peacham. Minerva Britanna, or, A Garden of Heroical Devises. London: Wa. Dight, 1612. Call number: STC 19511 copy 1; displayed H3/p. 45
  • James Howell. Mercurius Hibernicus. Bristol, 1644.