MARC 752 Added Entry - Hierarchical Place Name

Revision as of 16:34, 1 September 2016 by DeborahLeslie (talk | contribs) (→‎Examples: Changed Australia example; it isn't included as a first-order political division country)

MARC field 752 in the bibliographic format contains a hierarchical form of a geographic name relating to an attribute of the described material. For vault materials, it is for the place of publication, production, or creation. All elements of this field are included in the Published/Created Place index in Hamnet's advanced search.

Commonly-used tags



Subfield codes

ǂa Country or larger entity
ǂb First-order political jurisdiction
ǂc Intermediate political jurisdiction
ǂd City
ǂ2 Source of heading or term


  • Add 752 to records for vault material
  • Only use 752 for place of publication or creation of the resource (we will revisit this if/when relationship designators are authorized for use in MARC 752; meanwhile, if considered important, use MARC 751 for place of occurrence, e.g., if the material is related to an event, such as a sermon or auction)
  • Add one 752 for each place name


This field ends with a full stop before the subfield ‡2 unless another mark of punctuation is present.

  • Use the authorized form of the place name as found in the LC/NACO Authority File.
  • In general, the content and layout of the elements, although not the indicators or the delimiters, will follow MARC field 781 in the authority record for that place name.
  • Do not use ǂc (Intermediate political jurisdiction) unless not using ǂd (City).
  • For the United States, Canada, Great Britain, and Australia, use those country name as the first element (ǂa), and the first-order political jurisdiction (e.g. Illinois, British Columbia, England, New South Wales) as the second element (ǂb).
  • If a place name has a parenthetical qualifier necessary for disambiguation, do not interpose it in 752 ǂc. Instead, subdivide according to the "equivalent name" given in the 781 field of the authority record. E.g., 752 Germany ǂd Weimar (Thuringia) ‡2 naf
  • Australia is an exception to following the 781 in the authority record; interpose the state name between country and city, just as we do for Great Britain, Canada, and the U.S. It differs from the practice used for Weimar and Beaumont as illustrated below--the latter uses the qualifier to disambiguate cities of the same name.
  • For jurisdictions now contained in a larger metropolitan area, subdivide only to the city in subject headings (per the Subject Headings Manual). E.g., for City of Westminster, use 752 Great Britain ǂb England ǂd London. ǂ2 naf
  • Add ǂ2 naf (per email from Network Development and MARC Standards Office 23 February 2016, this is fine).


752  ǂa Great Britain ǂb England ǂd London. ‡2 naf
752  ǂa Great Britain ǂb Scotland ǂd Edinburgh. ‡2 naf
752  ǂa Great Britain ǂb England ǂd Beaumont (Essex) ‡2 naf
752  ǂa Great Britain ǂb England ǂd Beaumont (Cumbria) ‡2 naf
752  ǂa Great Britain ǂb England ǂc Sussex. ‡2 naf
752  ǂa Ireland ǂd Dublin. ǂ2 naf
752  ǂa United States ǂb Massachusetts ǂd Boston. ǂ2 naf
752  ǂa United States ǂb New York (State) ǂd New York. ǂ2 naf
752  ǂa Canada ǂb Ontario ǂd Toronto. ‡2 naf
752  ǂa Australia ǂd Melbourne (Vic.) ‡2 naf
752  ǂa Netherlands ǂd Hague. ǂ2 naf
752  ǂa France ǂd Paris. ǂ2 naf
752  ǂa France ǂd Strasbourg. ǂ2 naf
752  ǂa Germany ǂd Weimar (Thuringia) ǂ2 naf

External links