MARC 583 Action Note

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MARC field 583 in the bibliographic and holdings formats contains information about processing, reference, and preservation actions. Reference actions may include a brief statement about solicitation to acquire material, whether the solicitation is active or inactive, and the date of the last item of correspondence. Preservation actions may include a review of condition, queuing for preservation, and completion of preservation. Field 583 is repeatable to record information about different actions. Field 583 does not end with a mark of punctuation unless already present in the data.


The Cataloging and Metadata Department uses field 583 (usually only in the bib record) to gather statistics, and to indicate when preliminary cataloging has been done. It replaces use of initials and date in the 852ǂx.

Retain existing 583's, adding new fields after existing fields (so that the history of what has happened to the material can be read from old to new, like comments on a blog post or discussion topics on a Wikipedia talk page).


The 583 field can only be searched in Voyager, not Hamnet (that is, only through the staff modules, not the web-based OPAC). Use the "Builder" tab and search in "583 Action note"


  • First - always 0 for "private"
  • Second - undefined (blank)

ǂ3 Materials specified (NR)

Use ǂ3 - Materials specified if the bibliographic record has multiple holdings.

ǂa - Action (NR)

Use a term from the following list:

  • Preliminary cataloging (record meets Folger Preliminary cataloging standards)
  • Cataloged (item-in-hand cataloging in OCLC of material that has never been cataloged, and brought into Hamnet)
  • Recataloged (item-in-hand recataloging in OCLC or Hamnet of material previously cataloged by Folger staff)
  • Copy added (new holding added, bib record not substantially changed)
  • Recon (information copied from cards)
  • Upgraded (anything that doesn't fit elsewhere--explain the action in the nonpublic note; for example, used by Metadata Specialist and by interns doing database clean-up and enhancement; see also "Nonpublic note"). Note: If you're just fixing a typo, or making a similarly quick change that doesn't alter the substance of the record, don't bother with the 583. As a general guideline, if it would take longer to add the 583 than it did to make the adjustment, don't add a 583.

ǂc - Time/date of action (R)

Year and month the action was completed, in ISO 8601 format as : yyyy-mm or yyyy-mm-dd.

ǂj - Jurisdiction (R)

Funding agency or project name. Used only for grant-funded and other special projects.

ǂk - Action agent (R)

Your initials.

ǂn - Extent (R)

Number of physical pieces cataloged or added (for books, most often corresponds to “volumes”) or number of links added. Not used for "Preliminary cataloging."

Since this only corresponds with physical volumes, sammelbands should have "1" for the first bib record and "0" for subsequent records.

ǂo - Type of unit (R)

Unit represented in the preceding ǂn. For cataloging, always piece or pieces (whether it's a volume, a single-sheet print, a letter, etc.). For linking, always link or links. Terminology for archival records yet to be determined.

ǂx - Nonpublic note (R)

Additional information. Used primarily to indicate the type of upgrade for "ǂa Upgraded", especially the type of upgrade is one that's being counted for reporting purposes. Use a term from the following list:

  • Collation
  • Exhibition history
  • Folgerpedia
  • Luna
  • Vault transfer
  • Other

ǂ2 - Source of term (NR)

Always local

ǂ5 - Institution to which field applies (NR)

Always DFo


A title in one volume cataloged in OCLC and brought into Hamnet

5830 ‡a Cataloged ‡c 2014-12 ‡k SEH ‡n 1 ‡o piece ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

A 6-volume title cataloged in OCLC and brought into Hamnet

5830 ‡a Cataloged ‡c 2015-05 ‡k ACK ‡n 6 ‡o pieces ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

A subsequent title in a sammelband cataloged in OCLC and brought into Hamnet

5830 ‡a Cataloged ‡c 2015-05 ‡k DJL ‡n 0 ‡o piece ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

A continental book that had been cataloged on cards only, now cataloged in OCLC and brought into Hamnet

5830 ‡a Recataloged ‡c 2015-05 ‡k RAB ‡n 1 ‡o piece ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

An added copy of an English book with an ESTC-downloaded record in Hamnet, cataloged in OCLC and brought into Hamnet

5830 ‡a Recataloged ‡c 2015-05 ‡k DJL ‡n 1 ‡o piece ‡2 local ‡5 DFo
5830 ‡a Copy added ‡c 2015-05 ‡k DJL ‡n 1 ‡o piece ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

An additional copy consisting of 2 volumes added to Hamnet, bibliographic record minimally edited

5830 ‡a Copy added ‡c 2015-05 ‡k SEH ‡n 2 ‡o pieces ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

An additional copy added to Hamnet, bibliographic record with substantive edits (added headings, notes, etc.)

5830 ‡a Copy added ‡c 2015-05 ‡k ACK ‡n 1 ‡o piece ‡2 local ‡5 DFo
5830 ‡a Upgraded ‡c 2015-05 ‡k ACK ‡x Other ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

A record in Hamnet or OCLC for material previously cataloged only on cards, created by copying card information, item not in hand, by an imaginary intern working on an imaginary project

5830 ‡a Recon ‡c 2016-06 ‡k GRB ‡j Picturing EMMO ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

Accession record in Hamnet verified by a cataloger as conforming to Folger standards for preliminary cataloging

5830 ‡a Preliminary cataloging ‡c 2015-05 ‡k RAB ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

Link to Luna image(s) added to Hamnet record

5830 ‡a Upgraded ‡c 2014-12 ‡k EEW ‡n 1 ‡o link ‡x Luna ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

Exhibition history added to Hamnet record

5830 ‡a Upgraded ‡c 2014-12 ‡k EEW ‡n 1 ‡o link ‡x Exhibition history ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

Substantive editing of a Hamnet record, e.g. updated local notes after conservation treatment

5830 ‡a Upgraded ‡c 2015-05 ‡k BD ‡x Other ‡2 local ‡5 DFo

Records imported into Hamnet as part of a special project

5830 ‡a WorldCat import ‡c 2015-09 ‡k RBD ‡x Uncataloged Wings project ‡2 local ‡5 DFo


Ambox notice.png This article contains outdated information and needs review.
acquired surrogate microfilmed stabilized
condition reviewed rebound transferred to optimal storage
conserved repaired transformed digitally
digitized reproduced in analog withdrawn
housed reproduced in print other
mass deacidified retained

ǂb Action identification

  • May be used to cite a local database record number (such as the conservation database) when more extensive treatment documentation exists or to cite a grant or other project number

ǂc - Time/date of action (R)

  • Required subfield
  • Use format yyyymmdd
  • If month or day is unknown, leave blank
  • The date in the |c lets you know that "as of this date" such-and-such was the case. We use it for books in Hamnet when damage is noted (so reading room staff know that an item was damaged before it was given to the reader if they come across something when checking the book in).

ǂh - Jurisdiction (R)

  • Used to record grant information for statistical purposes, e.g., NEH PW 50530-10

ǂk - Action agent (R)

  • Catalogers and curators, put your own initials for "condition reviewed"
  • Conservators, use your name
  • Other departments, use your department name (e.g. Acquisitions, Reading Room)

ǂl - Status (R)

  • Use terms from controlled vocabulary terms from Preservation & Digitization Actions: Terminology for MARC 21 Field 583 when ǂa (Action) is condition reviewed
  • If the damage is bibliographically significant (for example, missing plates) notify the relevant cataloger so that an "Imperfect" note can be added
  • If standard vocabulary doesn't apply, or to provide additional information, use ǂx (non-public note) or ǂz (public note) if appropriate.
(list below last updated Feb. 2, 2013):
acidic paper insect damaged rehoused poorly
alkaline paper loose repaired previously
annotated marginalia scratched
blocked missing stained
brittle mold damaged sticky shed
damaged mutilated torn
defaced not intact undamaged
delaminated obscured vinegar syndrome
do not treat obsolescent format warped/cockled
faded oxidized water damaged
flaked/cracked rebacked
foxed redox

ǂx - Nonpublic note (R)

ǂz - Public note (R)

ǂ2 - Source of term (NR)

  • Add ǂ2 pda when using controlled vocabulary in ǂa or ǂl

ǂ5 - Institution to which field applies (NR)

  • Always add ǂ5 DFo, even when the bibliographic record describes a unique item


583 1# ǂa conserved ǂc 19760000 ǂz re-lined ǂk Olin Conservation Inc. ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo 
583 1# ǂa conserved ǂb Cons DB 985171 ǂc 20090206 ǂk Folger staff ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo 
583 1# ǂ3 copy 2 v.1-10,13,15 ǂa housed ǂc 20100518 ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo 
583 1# ǂa condition reviewed ǂc 20080119 ǂz running tears, seal needs consolidation ǂk HRW ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo 
583 1# ǂa condition reviewed ǂc 20140114 ǂl brittle ǂz front wrapper detached ǂk DJL ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo   
583 1# ǂa condition reviewed ǂc 20140523 ǂl not intact ǂz boards loose ǂk DJL ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo 
583 1# ǂa condition reviewed ǂc 20140321 ǂl torn ǂz running tear on leaves A5, N1, N4 ǂk DJL ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo 
583 1# ǂa condition reviewed ‡c 20140211 ǂz openings R2.3 and Y1,2 determined not to contain mold ǂk Adrienne Bell ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo
583 1# ǂa housed ǂc 20140930 ǂ2 pda ǂ5 DFo