MARC 370 Associated Place

MARC field 370 in the authority format contains towns, cities, provinces, states, and/or countries associated with persons, corporate bodies, families, works, and expressions. This field is repeatable.

Commonly-used tags


Subfield delimiters
ǂa Place of birth (NR)
ǂb Place of death (NR)
ǂc Associated country (R)
ǂe Place of residence/headquarters (R)
ǂf Other associated place (R)
ǂg Place of origin of work (R)
ǂs Start period (NR)
ǂt End period (NR)
ǂ2 Source of term (NR)

Policy and formulation

  • Use both the modern form of the place name and an earlier form of the name during the person's lifetime, if different:
370  ǂc Italy ǂc Venice (Republic : to 1797)
  • Give place of residence in ǂe and country in ǂc even though the country is already named in the ǂe
370  ǂc France ǂe Paris (France)
  • Include both Great Britain and England (or Scotland or Wales) in ǂc. Do not include states, provinces, or territories of the US, Canada, or Australia.
  • Neighborhoods may be used in places such as ǂe but use the larger city as well:
ǂe Harrow (London, England) ǂe London (England)


370  Dresden (Germany) ǂb Berlin (Germany) ǂc Germany ǂe Berlin (Germany) ǂe Dresden (Germany) ǂe Leipzig (Germany) ǂ2 naf
370  ǂc Great Britain ǂc England ǂe London (England) ǂ2 naf
370  Naples (Italy) ǂb Vienna (Austria) ǂc Austria ǂc Czech Republic ǂc England ǂc Great Britain ǂc Spain ǂe Prague (Czech Republic) ǂe Vienna (Austria) ǂ2 naf

External links