Difference between revisions of "Carmen Nocentelli"

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"Black Legends and the Invention of Europe" (NEH Fellowship, [[Folger Institute 2016-2017 long-term fellows|2016-2017]])
 
"Black Legends and the Invention of Europe" (NEH Fellowship, [[Folger Institute 2016-2017 long-term fellows|2016-2017]])
  
This project re-assesses the impact that licencing has had on the composition of early modern literature. Without a licence from a noble patron, players were subject to the Act for the Punishment of Rogues, Vagabonds and Sturdy Beggars. Yet this document is also open to forgery and counterfeiting, as detailed in the so-called cony-catching pamphlets; for example the ‘freshwater mariner’ is famed for ‘run[ning] about the country with a counterfeit licence, feigning either shipwreck or spoil by pirates’ (Greene, The Groundwork of Cony-Catching). Therefore the document designed to control an itinerant population actually becomes the means of criminality, due to the potential duplicity of hand-written documents. Despite the turn towards cultural materialism in early modern studies, the material traces of licencing have yet to be studied in depth. This becomes even more surprising due to the metaphorical richness of ‘licence’ which early modern authors frequently made use of, as when Sir Toby Belch calls on Sir Andrew Aguecheek to ‘taunt him with the licence of ink’ (Twelfth Night, 3.2.42). Therefore this study examines how authors worked through the layers of anxiety and ambivalence created by a document with which they would have been intimately familiar. Forged documents of authority are a staple in the plots of early modern drama, from Hamlet to Bartholomew Fair, drawing attention to the period’s dual understanding of the ‘counterfeit’. In excavating the realities of counterfeit licences alongside their literary manifestations, I reveal the power of the licence for counterfeiters of all stripes, Shakespeare included.
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Black Legends and the Invention of Europe argues that xenophobic invective and jingoistic propaganda played a crucial role in the construction of “Europe.” Taking as its point of departure the Black Legend of Spain’s ethnic dubiousness and ethical iniquity—i.e., the legend of Spain’s un-Europeaness—the books shows how the Black Legend’s claims formed an integral part of a larger transnational discourse that developed steadily from the late fifteenth century through the early eighteenth. Fifteenth-century works indicting the Turks for their ethnic dubiousness and ethical depravity already anticipate the central topoi of the Spanish Black Legend. Seventeenth- and eighteenth-century invectives against Portuguese, Dutch, and French in turn recycle figures and motifs of the legend. This conscious, pointed, and continued recycling suggests that throughout the early modern period Black Legend discourse was a key tool to bound and ascribe Europeanness. For this reason, Black Legend discourse constitutes an excellent vantage point to explore the conditions, forms, and limits within which “Europe” became (and still remains) an active idea.
  
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===Scholarly Programs===
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Speaker, [[Exploring Entangled Histories: Britain and Europe in the Age of the Thirty Years’ War, c.1590-1650]] (Conference, [[2017-2018 Folger Institute Scholarly Programs|2017-2018]])
  
 
[[Category:Folger Institute]]
 
[[Category:Folger Institute]]
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[[Category:Long-term]]  
 
[[Category:Long-term]]  
 
[[Category:2016-2017]]
 
[[Category:2016-2017]]
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[[Category:Scholarly programs]]
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[[Category:2017-2018]]

Latest revision as of 10:37, 29 November 2017

This page reflects a scholar's association with the Folger Institute.

Long-term fellowship

"Black Legends and the Invention of Europe" (NEH Fellowship, 2016-2017)

Black Legends and the Invention of Europe argues that xenophobic invective and jingoistic propaganda played a crucial role in the construction of “Europe.” Taking as its point of departure the Black Legend of Spain’s ethnic dubiousness and ethical iniquity—i.e., the legend of Spain’s un-Europeaness—the books shows how the Black Legend’s claims formed an integral part of a larger transnational discourse that developed steadily from the late fifteenth century through the early eighteenth. Fifteenth-century works indicting the Turks for their ethnic dubiousness and ethical depravity already anticipate the central topoi of the Spanish Black Legend. Seventeenth- and eighteenth-century invectives against Portuguese, Dutch, and French in turn recycle figures and motifs of the legend. This conscious, pointed, and continued recycling suggests that throughout the early modern period Black Legend discourse was a key tool to bound and ascribe Europeanness. For this reason, Black Legend discourse constitutes an excellent vantage point to explore the conditions, forms, and limits within which “Europe” became (and still remains) an active idea.

Scholarly Programs

Speaker, Exploring Entangled Histories: Britain and Europe in the Age of the Thirty Years’ War, c.1590-1650 (Conference, 2017-2018)