Card catalogs

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Card catalogs contain the holdings of a library, printed, typed, or handwritten on catalog cards, each representing individual or collective bibliographic entities held by the library. They have been largely replaced by online public access catalogs (OPACS), and closed or discarded by many repositories.

Card catalogs at the Folger

Card catalogs remain important at the Folger Shakespeare Library, since not all items are described in Hamnet or in finding aids. A side value is that they tell us something about what was important to scholars in the past: when you only have 3 x 5 inch cards, and no easy way to duplicate them, only truly significant information was included; they couldn't feasibly accommodate the lengthy descriptions and long lists of access points found in Folger online catalog records today. Plus, the physical wear on the cards (bent corners, dirty tops) can indicate which parts of the catalog were used most heavily.

The cards themselves are only available on site, but G.K. Hall & Co. published printed editions of them (from photographs of the cards) that can be found in libraries around the world.

What can only be found through Folger card catalogs

  • Early modern Continental books acquired before 1997 that have not yet been cataloged.
  • Eighteenth-century books acquired before 1997 that have not yet been cataloged.
  • Costumes
  • Illustrations in early English books at the Folger (mostly STCs, but some Wings)
  • Playbills acquired before 1997

See also the List of card catalogs at the Folger.

Tips for using Folger card catalogs

  • The card catalogs are no longer maintained (e.g., when the library acquires new playbills, they get described in Hamnet, not added to the card catalog for playbills)
  • Alphabetizing conventions date to pre-computer days. Noteworthy differences include:
    • Abbreviations file as if spelled out ("Dr." files as if spelled "Doctor")
    • Numbers file as if spelled out ("5" files as if spelled "five", "5th" as if spelled "fifth", "3e" as if spelled "troisième", etc.)
    • An article at the beginning of a title is ignored (same with online catalogs)
    • Names beginning "Mc" and "Mac" are all filed as if spelled "Mac"
    • Vowels with an umlaut are filed as if spelled with an added "e" (e.g. "Müller" files as if spelled "Mueller")
    • "Nothing before something" – filing is word-by-word, not letter-by-letter. For example, "New York" files before "Newark" because the space after its "w" ("nothing") comes before the letter "a" after Newark's "w" ("something")
    • "By before about" – all the works by a person file before books about the person, even though the heading on the card is the same (usually an inverted name plus birth and death dates)
  • The call number is in the upper left
  • Complete information is usually given only on the "main entry" card (the one filed under the first author's name) to avoid having to re-type everything on the cards for subjects, titles, and additional authors
  • Subject entries are sometimes typed in red (so that you call easily tell a card for a book by someone from a card for a book about that person.
  • The carbon copies on thin, colored paper are "accession slips" – the preliminary records created in the Acquisitions department when something is first added to the collection. One gets filed under "main entry" (the author's name, unless the book is only known by its title) and the other gets filed in the "chron" file under year of publication. Presence of an accession slip indicates the book either remains uncataloged, or was cataloged after Hamnet came online in 1997.

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