Difference between revisions of "Bibliographic format"

(changed table in source to standard formatting)
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{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! DCRM(B)<ref>''Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (Books)'', the international standard for rare books in library catalogs.</ref>
+
! DCRM(B)<ref>''Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (Books)'', the international standard for rare books in library catalogs.</ref> !! Gaskell<ref>Philip Gaskell, ''A New Introduction to Bibliography''. Reprinted with corrections in 1995. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 2007</ref> !! Ordinary spoken English !! Latinate spoken English !! Other
! Gaskell<ref>Philip Gaskell, ''A New Introduction to Bibliography''. Reprinted with corrections in 1995. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 2007</ref>
 
! Ordinary spoken English
 
! Latinate spoken English
 
! Other
 
 
|-
 
|-
| full-sheet
+
| full-sheet || 1⁰ || broadsheet, full sheet ||  ||  
| 1⁰
 
| broadsheet, full sheet
 
|  
 
|  
 
 
|-
 
|-
| fol.
+
| fol. || 2⁰ || folio || folio || fo., 1/2⁰, f⁰, F
| 2⁰
 
| folio
 
| folio
 
| fo., 1/2⁰, f⁰, F
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 4to
+
| 4to || 4⁰ || quarto || quarto || 1/4⁰, Q⁰, Q
| 4⁰
 
| quarto
 
| quarto
 
| 1/4⁰, Q⁰, Q
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 8vo
+
| 8vo || 8⁰ || octavo || octavo || 1/8⁰, O
| 8⁰
 
| octavo
 
| octavo
 
| 1/8⁰, O
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 12mo
+
| 12mo || 12⁰ || twelvemo || duodecimo || 1/12⁰, D
| 12⁰
 
| twelvemo
 
| duodecimo
 
| 1/12⁰, D
 
 
|-
 
|-
| long 12mo
+
| long 12mo || long 12⁰ || long twelvmo || long duodecimo ||
| long 12⁰
 
| long twelvmo
 
| long duodecimo
 
|  
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 16mo
+
| 16mo || 16⁰ || sixteenmo || sextodecimo || 1/16⁰, S
| 16⁰
 
| sixteenmo
 
| sextodecimo
 
| 1/16⁰, S
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 18mo
+
| 18mo || 18⁰ || eighteenmo || octodecimo || 1/18⁰, T  
| 18⁰
 
| eighteenmo
 
| octodecimo
 
| 1/18⁰, T  
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 24mo
+
| 24mo || 24⁰ || twenty-fourmo || vicesimo-quarto || 1/24⁰
| 24⁰
 
| twenty-fourmo
 
| vicesimo-quarto
 
| 1/24⁰
 
 
|-
 
|-
| long 24mo
+
| long 24mo || long 24⁰ || long twenty-fourmo || long vicesimo-quarto ||  
| long 24⁰
 
| long twenty-fourmo
 
| long vicesimo-quarto
 
|  
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 32mo
+
| 32mo || 32⁰ || thirty-twomo || trigesimo-secundo || 1/32⁰,  Tt
| 32⁰
 
| thirty-twomo
 
| trigesimo-secundo
 
| 1/32⁰,  Tt
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 48mo
+
| 48mo || 48⁰ || forty-eightmo || quadragesimo-octavo || 1/48⁰, | Fe
| 48⁰
 
| forty-eightmo
 
| quadragesimo-octavo
 
| 1/48⁰, | Fe
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 64mo
+
| 64mo || 64⁰ || sixty-fourmo || sexagesimo-quarto || 1/64⁰, Sf
| 64⁰
 
| sixty-fourmo
 
| sexagesimo-quarto
 
| 1/64⁰, Sf
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 72mo
+
| 72mo || 72⁰ || seventy-twomo ||  ||  
| 72⁰
 
| seventy-twomo
 
|  
 
|  
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 96mo
+
| 96mo || 96⁰ || ninety-sixmo ||  ||  
| 96⁰
 
| ninety-sixmo
 
|  
 
|  
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 128mo
+
| 128mo || 128⁰ || one-twenty-eightmo ||  ||  
| 128⁰
 
| one-twenty-eightmo
 
|  
 
|  
 
 
|}
 
|}
  

Revision as of 10:41, 16 December 2016

Bibliographic format refers to the proportional relationship between a full sheet of paper and the folded and cut leaves of a book. For example, a text printed two-up so that the sheet of paper needs to be folded once to make the leaves of a book is in "folio" format. A book printed four-up on a sheet that's folded in half, then in half again, is a "quarto" and so on.

Confusingly, in the 19th century many of the terms started to be used as general indications of a book's height, where "folio" means "big", "quarto" means "ordinary size", and "octavo" means "little". As a result, when someone at the Folger refers to "a folio," you have to rely on context to know if that means an oversize book, a book in in folio format, or one of the first four editions of Shakespeare's collected plays.

Abbreviations and names for formats include:

DCRM(B)[1] Gaskell[2] Ordinary spoken English Latinate spoken English Other
full-sheet 1⁰ broadsheet, full sheet
fol. 2⁰ folio folio fo., 1/2⁰, f⁰, F
4to 4⁰ quarto quarto 1/4⁰, Q⁰, Q
8vo 8⁰ octavo octavo 1/8⁰, O
12mo 12⁰ twelvemo duodecimo 1/12⁰, D
long 12mo long 12⁰ long twelvmo long duodecimo
16mo 16⁰ sixteenmo sextodecimo 1/16⁰, S
18mo 18⁰ eighteenmo octodecimo 1/18⁰, T
24mo 24⁰ twenty-fourmo vicesimo-quarto 1/24⁰
long 24mo long 24⁰ long twenty-fourmo long vicesimo-quarto
32mo 32⁰ thirty-twomo trigesimo-secundo 1/32⁰, Tt
48mo 48⁰ forty-eightmo quadragesimo-octavo Fe
64mo 64⁰ sixty-fourmo sexagesimo-quarto 1/64⁰, Sf
72mo 72⁰ seventy-twomo
96mo 96⁰ ninety-sixmo
128mo 128⁰ one-twenty-eightmo


References

  1. Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (Books), the international standard for rare books in library catalogs.
  2. Philip Gaskell, A New Introduction to Bibliography. Reprinted with corrections in 1995. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 2007